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E02472: Coptic/Greek list of saint names, from Jeme (Upper Egypt), mentioning Apa *Dios (S01232), Apa *Phoibammon (soldier and martyr of Assiut, S00080), and possibly Apa *Papnouthios (S00880 or S00881), datable to the 7th/8th century.

online resource
posted on 2017-03-07, 00:00 authored by gschenke
BKU 1 148

The limestone ostracon has been used on both sides. One side shows a short letter formula, the other a list of saint names, possibly as part of an invocation.

The verso reads:

+ ⲟ ⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲇⲓⲟⲥ
ⲟ ⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲓⲃⲁⲙ
ⲁⲡⲁ ⲡ[ ]
ⲟ ⲁⲅⲓ[ⲟⲥ ]

'Saint Apa Dios, saint Apa Phoibammon, Apa[ Papnouthios (?)], saint […]'

(Text: A. Erman and W. E. Crum, trans. G. Schenke)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Dios, saint in the Theban area : S01232 Paphnoutios of Thebes, founder of a monastery near Ape (?) : S00881 Paphnoutios, founder of the convent in Heraclea (Thebaid, Egypt) : S00880 Phoibammon, soldier and martyr of Assiut (ob. c. 304) : S00080

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲡⲁ ⲇⲓⲟⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲡ[ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲡ[ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲓⲃⲁⲙ

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - List Liturgical texts - Invocations, prayers and spells Late antique original manuscripts - Ostracon/Pot-sherd


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Jeme Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs



The limestone ostracon was bought in Thebes and is now housed at the papyrus collection in Berlin, P.Berol. inv. 704. The text has been dated on palaeographical grounds.


Edition: Erman, A., and Crum, W.E., Ägyptische Urkunden aus den koeniglichen Museen zu Berlin, Koptische Urkunden, vol. 1 (Berlin, 1904), 123.

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