University of Oxford

File(s) not publicly available

E02470: Coptic acknowledgement of debt addressed to monks of the monastery of Apa *Phoibammon (soldier and martyr of Assiut, S00080), most likely the one on the mountain of Jeme (Upper Egypt), datable to the beginning of the 7th century.

online resource
posted on 2017-03-07, 00:00 authored by gschenke
BKU 1 78

In this acknowledgement of a debt, addressed to monks of the monastery of Apa Phoibammon, most likely the monastery of the healing saint on the mountain of Jeme, a man named Pataph from Patoubasten, in the Theban area, acknowledges his debt of one gold solidus to the brethren of the monastery of Apa Phoibammon.

Lines 3–7 read as follows:

ⲉⲓⲥϩⲁ ⲛⲛⲁⲥⲛⲏⲟⲩ ⲙⲡⲧⲟⲡⲟⲥ ⲛⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲟⲓⲃⲁⲙⲱⲛ ⲉⲓⲭⲣⲉⲱⲥⲧⲉⲓ ⲛⲏⲧⲛ ⲛⲟⲩϩⲟⲗⲟⲕ(ⲟⲧⲧⲓⲛⲟⲥ) ⲛⲛⲟⲩⲃ ⲉⲁⲧⲉⲧⲛⲧⲁⲁϥ ⲛⲁⲛ

'… I am writing to my brethren of the monastery (topos) of Apa Phoibammon. I am owing you a gold solidus, which you have given us for our needs. …'

(Text: W. E. Crum, trans. G. Schenke)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Phoibammon, soldier and martyr of Assiut (ob. c. 304) : S00080

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲟⲓⲃⲁⲙⲱⲛ

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Other private document Late antique original manuscripts - Ostracon/Pot-sherd


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Thebes Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - monastic


The limestone ostracon was bought in Thebes and is now housed in the papyrus collection in Berlin, P.Berol. inv. 906. The text has been dated on palaeographical grounds.


Edition: Erman, A., and Crum, W.E., Ägyptische Urkunden aus den koeniglichen Museen zu Berlin, Koptische Urkunden, vol. 1 (Berlin 1904), 91.

Usage metrics

    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity