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E02460: Coptic sale of parts of a house, from Jeme (Upper Egypt), sold by the steward (oikonomos) of Apa *Phoibammon (soldier and martyr of Assiut, S00080), property that had previously been donated to the saint for the salvation of the donor's soul, datable to the first third of the 8th century.

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posted on 2017-03-05, 00:00 authored by gschenke
P.KRU 18

In this document, John, the steward (oikonomos) of (the shrine of) saint Apa Phoibammon (line 63) sells parts of a house to Apa Viktor, son of Athanasios, from Jeme (lines 11–12). These are the parts of the house which a certain Georgios had in the past donated to the saint on account of the salvation of his deceased mother Ioanne (lines 19–21). The donation included moveable as well as immovable property (lines 29–32)

Lines 11–19 read as follows:

ⲉⲛⲧⲓ ⲁⲃⲟⲗ ⲛⲏⲕ ⲛⲧⲟⲕ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲃⲓⲕⲧⲱⲣ ⲡϣⲏⲣⲉ ⲛⲡⲙⲁⲕⲁⲣⲓⲟⲥ ⲁⲑⲁⲛⲁⲥⲓⲟⲥ ϩⲛ ϫⲏⲙⲉ ϩⲁ ⲡⲛⲟⲙⲟⲥ ⲛⲧⲡⲟⲗⲓⲥ <ⲉⲣⲙⲁⲛⲑ(ⲓⲥ)>
ⲛⲛⲉⲙⲉⲣⲟⲥ ⲛⲧⲁ ⲅⲉⲟⲣⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲡϣⲏⲣⲉ ⲛⲓⲟⲩⲁⲛⲛⲉ ⲧϣⲏⲣⲉ ⲓⲩϩⲏⲗⲓⲁⲥ ⲛⲁⲡⲁ ⲃⲓⲕⲧⲱⲣ ⲧⲉⲥⲙⲁⲩ ⲧⲉ ⲉⲩⲇⲱⲝⲓⲁ ⲧⲁⲁⲩ ⲁϩⲟⲩⲛ
ⲉⲡϩⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲉⲃⲁⲙⲱⲛ ϩⲁ ⲡⲉⲩϫⲁⲓ ⲛⲧⲉⲩⲙⲁⲩ ⲙⲛ <ⲛ>ⲧⲟϥ ⲉⲣⲉ ⲡⲛⲟⲩⲧⲉ ⲙⲛ ⲛⲉⲡⲣⲉⲥⲃⲓⲁ ⲛⲡⲙⲁⲣⲧⲩⲣⲟⲥ ⲛⲁⲣⲟⲩⲛⲁ
ⲛⲙⲙⲁⲩ ϩⲛ ⲡⲉϥⲃⲏⲙⲁ ϫⲉ ⲡⲙⲁ ⲉⲧⲉⲣⲭⲓⲥⲧⲓⲁⲛⲟⲥ ⲛⲓⲙ ⲣⲭⲣⲓⲁ ⲙⲙⲟϥ ⲡⲉ ⲡⲙⲁ ⲉⲧⲙⲙⲁⲩ

'We are selling you, Apa Biktor, the son of the blessed Athanasios, from Jeme, in the district of the city , the parts which George, the son of Ioanne, the daughter of Elias, son of Apa Biktor – her mother is Eudoxia –, donated to the saint Apa Phoibamon for the salvation of their mother and and his own, so that God and the intercessions of the martyr will be kind with them on his tribunal, since this is exactly the place where every Christian needs it.'

(Text: W. E. Crum and G. Steindorff, German trans. W. C. Till, Engl. trans. G. Schenke)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Phoibammon, soldier and martyr of Assiut (ob. c. 304) : S00080

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲉⲃⲁⲙⲱⲛ

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Sale document Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Jeme Hermonthis

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Jeme Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis Hermonthis Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Bequests, donations, gifts and offerings


The papyrus document from Jeme is now housed at the museum for antiquities (R. Museo di Antichità) at Turin.


For similar documents see E02458, E02459, and E02461.


Edition and Translation: Crum, W.E., and Steindorff, G., Koptische Rechtsurkunden des achten Jahrhunderts aus Djeme (Theben) (Leipzig, 1971), 65–68. Till, W.C., Die Koptischen Rechtsurkunden aus Theben (Vienna, 1964), 116–118 (German Translations).

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