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E02459: Coptic sale of a house, from Jeme (Upper Egypt), a property previously donated to Abba *Viktor (probably the Egyptian martyr, son of Romanos, S00749) at Jeme, for the salvation of the donor's soul, dated 8 November 756.

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posted on 2017-03-05, 00:00 authored by Bryan
P.KRU 15

In this document a man named Daminaos, son of Kosma, seemingly a private individual, is selling an entire house to Aaron, son of Shenoute (see the same man who buys parts of two houses at E02458). Both men are inhabitants of Jeme. The house in question is referred to as having been previously donated as an offering to the martyr saint Apa Victor by a man named Pahom, son of George, for the salvation of the donor's soul. The price paid for the house was four gold solidi.

Lines 30–38 read as follows:

ⲁⲩⲱ ⲉⲓⲥϩⲁⲓ ⲛⲁⲕ ϫⲓⲛ ⲙⲡⲟⲟⲩ ⲁⲩⲱ ϫⲓⲛ ⲧⲉⲛⲟⲩ ϣⲁ ⲉⲛⲉϩ ⲙⲡⲏⲓ ⲧⲏⲣϥ ⲉⲧϩⲓ ⲡϩⲓⲣ ⲛⲛⲣⲙⲡϣⲟⲩⲙⲁⲣⲉ ⲡⲁⲓ ⲛⲧⲁϥⲇⲱⲣⲓⲍⲉ
ⲙⲙⲟϥ ⲉϩⲟⲩⲛ ⲉⲡⲁⲑⲗⲟⲫⲟⲣⲟⲥ ⲁⲩⲱ ⲡⲛⲓⲕⲟⲫⲟⲣⲟⲥ ⲁⲩⲱ ⲥⲧⲉⲫⲁⲛⲟⲫⲟⲣⲟⲥ ⲡⲕⲁⲗⲛⲓⲕⲟⲥ ⲁⲩⲱ ⲡⲙⲁⲣⲧⲩⲣⲟⲥ ⲉⲧⲣⲟⲩⲟⲉⲓⲛ
ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ⲡϩⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲁⲃⲃⲁ ⲃⲓⲕⲧⲱⲣ ⲙⲡⲕⲁⲥⲧⲣⲟⲛ ⲛϫⲏⲙⲉ ϩⲁ ⲡⲟⲩϫⲁⲓ ⲛⲧⲉϥⲯⲩⲭⲏ ⲛⲧⲟϥ ⲛⲡⲁϩⲱⲙ ⲛⲅⲉⲱⲣⲅⲓⲟⲥ ϫⲉⲕⲁⲥ ⲉϥⲉϩⲉ
ⲉⲩⲛⲁ ⲛⲛⲁϩⲣⲛ ⲡⲛⲟⲩⲧⲉ ⲡⲉⲧⲟⲩⲟⲟⲧⲃ ⲉⲟⲩⲟⲛ ⲛⲓⲙ ⲧⲁⲣⲉⲕⲣⲡϫⲟⲉⲓⲥ ⲙⲡⲏⲓ ⲉⲧⲙⲙⲁⲩ

'I am writing to you that from today and from now on until eternity, the entire house which is located in the street of the men of Pshoumare, this one which he, Pahom, son of Georgios, donated to the victorious, triumphant, crown bearing competitor, and illuminating martyr, saint Abba Biktor of the castron Jeme, for the well being of his soul, so that he shall find mercy in the presence of God who surpasses everyone, that you shall own that house, …'

(Text: W. E. Crum and G. Steindorff, German trans. W. C. Till, Engl. trans. G. Schenke)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Viktor, son of Romanos, Egyptian martyr, ob. 303–311 : S00749

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲃⲃⲁ ⲃⲓⲕⲧⲱⲣ

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Sale document Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet



Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Jeme Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Bequests, donations, gifts and offerings


The papyrus document is housed at the British Museum in London, BM Or. 4871.


For a similar sale of a previously donated property see E02458.


Text and Translation: Crum W.E., and Steindorff, G., Koptische Rechtsurkunden des achten Jahrhunderts aus Djeme (Theben) (Leipzig, 1971), 54–58. Till, W.C., Die Koptischen Rechtsurkunden aus Theben (Vienna, 1964), 113–115 (German Translations).

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