University of Oxford

File(s) not publicly available

E02436: Beginning of a Coptic will, from the monastery of Epiphanios at Thebes (Upper Egypt), mentioning an institution dedicated to Apa *George (presumably the soldier and martyr, S00259) on the mountain of Jeme; datable to the first half of the 7th century.

online resource
posted on 2017-03-03, 00:00 authored by gschenke
P.Mon.Epiph. 87

The presbyter Kalashire of the church or monastery of Apa George makes his will, addressing it to Apa Epiphanius,monk of the monastery of Epiphanius.

Lines 1 and 7–9 run as follows:

⳨ ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲕⲁⲗⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲡⲡⲣⲉⲥⲃⲩⲧⲉⲣⲟⲥ ⲙⲡϩⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲅⲉⲱⲣⲅⲓⲟⲥ

'I, Kalashire, the priest of (the church of) he holy Apa George, …'

ⲉⲥϩⲁ ⲛⲧⲉϩⲉ ⲛⲁⲡⲁ ⲉⲡⲓⲫⲁⲛⲓⲟⲥ ⲡⲉⲩⲗⲁⲃⲉⲥⲧⲁⲧⲟⲥ ⲙⲙⲟⲛⲟⲭⲟⲥ ⲡϣⲏⲣⲉ
ⲛⲁⲛⲇⲣⲉⲁⲥ ⲡⲁ ⲉⲧⲏⲡ ⲉⲧⲡⲟⲗⲓⲥ ⲉⲣⲙⲟⲛⲧ ⲉϥⲟ ⲙⲙⲟⲛⲟⲭⲟⲥ ϩⲓ ⲡⲧⲟⲟⲩ ⲛϫⲏⲙⲉ
ⲡⲧⲟⲟⲩ ϩⲱ ⲉϯⲟⲩⲏϩ ϩⲓⲱⲱϥ ϩⲙ ⲡⲓⲛⲟⲙⲟⲥ ⲛⲟⲩⲱⲧ ⲛⲧⲉ ⲧⲡⲟⲗⲓⲥ ⲉⲣⲙⲟⲛⲧ ·

'Thus do I write unto Apa Epiphanius, the pious monk, son of Andreas, that belongeth unto the city Ermont, being a monk in the mount of Jeme, the same mount wherein I also dwell, in this same nome of the city of Ermont.'

(Text and trans. W. E. Crum)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

George, soldier and martyr of Diospolis, ob. c. 303 : S00259

Saint Name in Source

ⲡϩⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲅⲉⲱⲣⲅⲓⲟⲥ

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Will Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Jeme Hermonthis

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Jeme Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis Hermonthis Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - monastic


This fragmentary papyrus was found in a rubbish hole at the monastery of Epiphanius. It is now housed at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York as MMA.12.180.275. The text has been dated on palaeographical grounds.


Text and Translation: Crum, W.E., and Evelyn White, H.G., The Monastery of Epiphanius at Thebes, Part II (The Metropolitan Museum of Art Egyptian Expedition; New York, 1926), p. 28 (text), p. 174 (trans.).

Usage metrics

    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity



    Ref. manager