File(s) not publicly available

E02435: Coptic contract, from the monastery of Epiphanios at Thebes (Upper Egypt), mentioning a topos of *Mark (the Evangelist, S00293) on the mountain of Jeme; datable to the first half of the 7th century.

online resource
posted on 2017-03-03, 00:00 authored by gschenke
P.Mon.Epiph. 84

The document is a contract between a priest of a topos of Apa John in the desert and a camel herd concerning the conditions under which the latter is to tend to the animals.

The scribe of the document who also acts as one of the witnesses to this contract is a priest of a topos of Mark the Evangelist, located on the mountain of Jeme.

Lines 30–39 read as follows:

ⲙⲁⲣⲕⲟⲥ ⲡⲉⲉⲗⲁⲭ(ⲓⲥⲧⲟⲥ) ⲙⲡⲣⲉⲥⲃ(ⲩⲧⲉⲣⲟⲥ) ⲙⲡⲧⲟⲡⲟⲥ ⲙⲫⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲙⲁⲣⲕⲟⲥ ⲡⲉⲩⲁⲅⲅⲉⲗⲓⲥⲧⲏⲥ ϩⲓ ⲡⲧⲟⲟⲩ ⲛϫⲏⲙⲉ ⲁⲩⲁⲓⲧⲉⲓ
ⲙⲙⲟ ⲁⲥϩⲁ ⲧⲉϩⲟⲙⲟⲗⲟⲅⲓⲁ ⲛⲧⲁϭⲓϫ

'Mark, this humbles priest of the topos of St Mark, the Evangelist, in the hill of Jeme, I was asked and I wrote this agreement with my hand, …'

(Text and trans. W. E. Crum)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Mark the Evangelist : S00293

Saint Name in Source

ⲙⲁⲣⲕⲟⲥ ⲡⲉⲩⲁⲅⲅⲉⲗⲓⲥⲧⲏⲥ

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Other private document Late antique original manuscripts - Ostracon/Pot-sherd



Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Thebes Jeme

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Thebes Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis Jeme Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - monastic


The ostracon was found at the monastery of Epiphanios at Thebes and is housed at the Museum in Cairo, Inv. 44674.69. It has been dated on palaeographical grounds.


Text and Translation: Crum, W.E., and Evelyn White, H.G., The Monastery of Epiphanius at Thebes, Part II (The Metropolitan Museum of Art Egyptian Expedition; New York, 1926), p. 27 (text), p. 173 (trans.).

Usage metrics