Saint NameMary, Mother of Christ : S00033
Saint Name in SourceΜαρία
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
Evidence not before500
Evidence not after600
Activity not before500
Activity not after600
Place of Evidence - RegionArabia
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcGerasa/Jerash
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Gerasa/Jerash
Sakkaia / Maximianopolis
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsPrayer/supplication/invocation
SourceFragmentary stone block. Preserved dimensions: H. c. 0.40 m; W. c. 0.75 m. Description of the find-spot as reported by Charles Welles: 'found near the mill by the Chrysorhoas, east of "Camp Hill" (Plan I, area G-H 9)'. Letter height 0.06-0.08 m.
First published in 1938 by Welles, with a photograph, from a copy by Chester McCown.
DiscussionThe inscription commemorates an offering, probably made to a church, but the character of the offering and the location of the presumed sanctuary are not clear. It could be one of the known churches of Jerash, or another, not yet discovered one. For evidence of the veneration of Mary in the 'episcopal complex' of the city, see E02341; but there is no direct link between that place and our inscription. For a similar dedication, see E02379 (church of bishop Genesios, Inscription 2).
Welles dated the text approximately to the 6th c. as most of the Christian dedicatory inscriptions from Jerash belong to this century.
Welles, C.B., 'The inscriptions', in: Kraeling, C.H. (ed.), Gerasa, city of the Decapolis (New Haven: American School of Oriental Research, 1938), no. 339 and Pl. CXXXIIIg.