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E02355: Greek work contract, from Oxyrhynchos (Middle Egypt), concerning the employment of a rent collector for the Apion estate, who is a member of a confraternity (φιλοπονία) of *Theodore (presumably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), dated 614.

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posted on 2017-02-10, 00:00 authored by dlambert
P.Oxy. 58 3958

This contract is drawn up on behalf of the rent collector named Joseph ,who is a member of a confraternity (φιλοπονία) of saint Theodore, and agrees to be responsible for one year for the rent collection from the properties on the Apion estate.

Lines 11–14 read as follows:

ἐγὼ Ἰωσὴφ ψάλτης [τῆς φιλοπον(ίας(?))]
τοῦ ἁγί(ου) Θεοδώρου καὶ ἐνοικιολόγος τοῦ ἐνδόξ(ου) ὑμῶν οἴκο̣υ̣ υἱὸς τοῦ τῆ[ς εὐλαβοῦς]
μνήμης Βίκτορος γενομένου διακόνου καὶ εὐαγγέ̣λ̣[ου ἑξῆς ὑπογράφων]
ἰδίᾳ χειρὶ ἀπὸ τῆς αὐτῆς πόλεως χαίρειν.

'I, Joseph, psalmist [of the confraternity] of St Theodore and rent collector of your glorious household, son of Victor of discreet memory late deacon and gospeller, subscribing below in my own handwriting, from the same city, greeting.'

The back has a note concerning the document's content, lines 42–43:

[† συνάλλ(αγμα(?)) Ἰωσὴφ τοῦ] ε̣ὐ̣λαβ(εστάτου) ψάλτου τῆς φιλοπον(ίας) τοῦ ἁγί(ου) Θεοδώρου καὶ ἐνοικιολόγ(ου),
[υἱοῦ τοῦ τῆς εὐλαβ(οῦς) μνή]μ̣[(ης)] Β̣[ί]κ̣[το]ρ̣[ος γενο]μ̣έ(νου) διακ(όνου) (καὶ) εὐαγγέλ(ου) ἀπὸ τῆς Ὀξυρ̣υ̣γ̣χ̣(ιτῶν) π̣ό̣λ̣(εως).

'Contract of Joseph the most discreet psalmist of the confraternity of St Theodore and rent collector, son of Victor of discreet memory late deacon and gospeller from the city of the Oxyrhynchites.'

(Text and trans.: J. R. Rea)

A complete record of the document with images and bibliography can be found at:;58;3958


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Theodore, soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita : S00480

Saint Name in Source


Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Other private document Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet


  • Greek

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Oxyrhynchos Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Hospital and other charitable institutions

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - lesser clergy


This papyrus document with the inventory number 52 1B.26(C)/F(1)–(4) is housed at the Sackler Library in Oxford.


Text and translation: Rea, J.R., The Oxyrhynchus Papyri LVIII, published by the Egypt Exploration Society in Graeco-Roman Memoirs (London, 1991), 109–115.

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