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E02314: Greek account, from Oxyrhynchos (Middle Egypt), listing among payments for various churches also one dedicated to *Michael (the Archangel, S00181), datable to the 6th century, very likely to the year 576–577.

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posted on 2017-02-02, 00:00 authored by gschenke
P.Oxy. 18 2195

This is an extensive account from the estate of the Apions, listing payments and income in money and wheat. Among the entries are many concerning expenses paid for village churches (lines 86–88), including one to a church dedicated to saint Michael, line 88:

εἰς τὸν Ἀρχάγγελ(ον) Μιχαῆλ (ἀρτάβαι) γ δ´ χο(ίνικες) η

'To the Archangel Michael, 3 1/4 artabas 8 choinikes.'

(Summary and text: E. Lobel, C. H. Roberts and E. P. Wegener, trans.: G. Schenke)

A complete record of the document with images and bibliography can be found at:;18;2195


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Michael, the Archangel : S00181

Saint Name in Source

Ἀρχάγγελ(ος) Μιχαῆλ

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - List Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet



Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Oxyrhynchos Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Bequests, donations, gifts and offerings


The document was found in Oxyrhynchos and is housed in the Sackler Library at Oxford. The date is fixed due to the connection of the document with the Apion archive.


The entry is similar to the account P.Oxy. 16 1912, line 119, see E02304.


Edition: Lobel, E., Roberts, C.H., and Wegener, E.P., The Oxyrhynchus Papyri XVIII, published by the Egypt Exploration Society in Graeco-Roman Memoirs (London, 1941), 155–167.

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