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E02312: Greek order to a wine-merchant, from Oxyrhynchos (Middle Egypt), to deliver wine to the 'widows of Saint *Viktor' (son of Romanos, Egyptian martyr, S00749), datable to the 6th century.

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posted on 2017-02-02, 00:00 authored by Bryan
P.Oxy. 16 1956:

This order is addressed to a wine-merchant to deliver one double jar of wine to the 'widows of saint Viktor'.

Βίκτορι οἰνοπράτῃ.
δὸς ταῖς χήρ(αις) τοῦ ἁγί(ου) Βίκτορος̣
οἴν(ου) δι(πλοῦν) α μ(όνον). Με̣σορὴ ιϛ
ἰνδ(ικτίονος) ε̣ ἀ̣ρχ̣(ῇ) ϛ.

'To Viktor, wine-merchant. Give to the widows of saint Viktor one double jar of wine only. Mesore 16, indiction 5, beginning of 6.'

(Summary and text: B. P. Grenfell, A. S. Hunt, and H. I. Bell, trans.: G. Schenke)

A complete record of the document with images and bibliography can be found at:;16;1956


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Viktor, son of Romanos, Egyptian martyr, ob. 303–311 : S00749

Saint Name in Source


Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Other private document Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet



Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Oxyrhynchos Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Hospital and other charitable institutions

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Bequests, donations, gifts and offerings


The fragmentary document was found at Oxyrhynchos. It is housed in the Sackler Library at Oxford and has been dated on palaeographical grounds.


Very similar documents are E02130, E02310 and E02311, written by the same scribe on the same day, and addressed to the same wine-merchant (and E02126, by the same scribe and to the same wine-merchant, but on a different day), all ordering wines for charitable distribution to the widows of individual churches.


Edition: Grenfell, B.P., Hunt, A.S., and Bell, H.I., The Oxyrhynchus Papyri XVI, published by the Egypt Exploration Society in Graeco-Roman Memoirs (London, 1924), 219.

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