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E02306: Greek list of furniture from Oxyrhynchos (Middle Egypt), mentioning two gilded icons, one of *Kollouthos (physician and martyr of Antinoopolis, S00641), the other of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), located in the triclinium of a suburban villa, datable to the late 6th/early 7th century.

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posted on 2017-02-02, 00:00 authored by gschenke
P.Oxy. 16 1925

A list of furnishings drawn up to be handed over to an official messenger (symmachos). The purpose of the list is not clear, but it provides information concerning the content of a suburban villa of the Apions (proastion, line 1: ἐν τῷ προαστίῳ) and its various rooms, which in the triclinium (line 4: ἐν τῷ τρικλίνῳ) had two gilded icons, one of Kollouthos, the other of Mary.

Lines 6–8 read as follows:

ἰκονίδια δύ[ο] μιαν μὲν ἐχους τὸν ἅγι(ον) Κόλλουθον
περικεχρυ̣[σω]μέ(νον) τῇ κεφαλ(ῇ), την δὲ ἀλλην ἐχους
τὴν θεοτόκ[ον π]ε[ρ]ικεχρυσομε ὅλην

'Two small icons, one depicting saint Kollouthos, gilded on the head, the other depicting the mother of God, gilded entirely.'

The verso providing the caption to the document reads:

† γνῶ(σις) τῶν σκευῶν τοῦ προαστίο[υ] ἔξω τῆς πύλ(ης) μη(νὸς) Θὼθ ιγ ἰνδ(ικτίονος) ιβ.

'List of the equipment of the proastion outside the city gate, 13th of the month Thoth, 14th indiciton.'

(Text: B. P. Grenfell, A. S. Hunt, and H. I. Bell, trans.: G. Schenke)

A complete record of the document with images and bibliography can be found at:;16;1925


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Kollouthos, physician and martyr from Antinoopolis (Middle Egypt), ob. early 4th cent. : S00641 Mary, Mother of Christ : S00033

Saint Name in Source


Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - List Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet


  • Greek

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Oxyrhynchos Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Use of Images

  • Descriptions of images of saints

Cult Activities - Cult Related Objects

Precious material objects


The document was found at Oxyrhynchos and is now located in the Sackler Library in Oxford. It has been dated on palaeographical grounds.


The date provided by this text itself is 11 (12) September of the 12th Indiktion. Possible absolute dates discussed are AD 578, 593, or 608, which take into account an ungoing refurbishment of the proastion, as well as various aspects concerning the Apions, see Jördens 2016.


Edition: Grenfell, B.P., Hunt, A.S., and Bell, H.I., The Oxyrhynchus Papyri XVI, published by the Egypt Exploration Society in Graeco-Roman Memoirs (London, 1924), 203–205. Discussion and dating issues: Jördens, A., "Ein oxyrhynchitisches proastion," Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 200 (2016), 470–480.

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity



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