University of Oxford

File(s) not publicly available

E02304: Greek account from Oxyrhynchos (Middle Egypt), listing income and expenditure, mentioning a payment to an institution dedicated to *Michael (the Archangel, S00181), datable to the 6th c., before the year 566.

online resource
posted on 2017-02-02, 00:00 authored by gschenke
P.Oxy. 16 1912

This document (part of the Apion Archive) lists the annual income and expenditure of large estates in wheat and money, dating prior to the year AD 566. Among the entries are many concerning expenses paid for village churches (lines 115–118), as well payments made to an institution dedicated to Michael, line 119:

εἰς τὸν ἅγι(ον) Μιχαήλιον (ἀρτάβαι) δ νο(μίσματος) γ´

'To saint Michael, 4 artabas, 1/3 of a solidus.'

(Text: B. P. Grenfell, A. S. Hunt, and H. I. Bell, trans.: G. Schenke)

A complete record of the document with images and bibliography can be found at:;16;1912


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Michael, the Archangel : S00181

Saint Name in Source


Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - List Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet


  • Greek

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Oxyrhynchos Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Bequests, donations, gifts and offerings


The papyrus document, P.Cairo 10147, from Oxyrhynchos, is now housed in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.


Edition: Grenfell, B.P., Hunt, A.S., and Bell, H.I., The Oxyrhynchus Papyri XVI, published by the Egypt Exploration Society in Graeco-Roman Memoirs (London, 1924), 157–167.

Usage metrics

    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity