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E02300: Augustine of Hippo preaches in Latin a sermon on the feast of *Castus and Aemilius (martyrs of Carthage, S01202). Sermon 285, preached probably early in the 5th century in Carthage (North Africa).

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posted on 2017-02-01, 00:00 authored by robert
Augustine of Hippo, Sermon 285

[In natali martyrum Casti et Aemilii

'On the birthday of the martyrs Castus and Aemilius']

In the first part of the sermon Augustine does not refer to any specific martyrs other than biblical personages, including Peter the Apostle.

4. Tale aliquid factum esse arbitror etiam in his martyribus sanctis Casto et Aemilio, quorum diem hodie celebramus.

'The same sort of thing also happened, I am inclined to think, with these holy martyrs Castus and Aemilius, whose feast we are celebrating today.'

In the following part of the sermon Augustine encourages his audience to follows the martyrs, again without making any references to Castus and Aemilius. The sermon ends with the words which start the Eucharisitic celebration:

Conuersi ad Dominum, etc.

'Turning to the Lord, etc.'

Text: Patrologia Latina 38, 1295; Translation: Hill 1994, 97. Summary: Robert Wiśniewski.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Castus and Aemilius, martyrs of Carthage, ob. c. 250 : S01202

Saint Name in Source

Castus, Aemilius

Type of Evidence

Literary - Sermons/Homilies


  • Latin

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Latin North Africa

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Carthage Carthage Carthago Karthago قرطاج‎ Qarṭāj Mçidfa Carthage

Major author/Major anonymous work

Augustine of Hippo

Cult activities - Liturgical Activity

  • Service for the Saint

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - bishops


This sermon is tentatively dated to the years 405-410, on the basis of intertextual relations with other works of Augustine. It was probably preached in Carthage, since Castus and Aemilius were martyrs of this city.


Text: Migne, J.P., Patrologia Latina 38 (Paris, 1865). Translation: Hill, E., The Works of Saint Augustine: A Translation for the 21st Century, vol. III 8. Sermons 273-305A. On the Saints ‬(New York: New City Press, 1994). Dating: Kunzelmann, A., "Die Chronologie der sermones des hl. Augustinus," Miscellanea Agostiniana, vol. 2 (Rome: Tipografia Poliglotta Vaticana, 1931), 417-452.

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity



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