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E02233: Greek order for the payment of wine, from Oxyrhynchos (Middle Egypt), mentioning an institution dedicated to *Gabriel (the Archangel, S00192) and the feast of Epiphany, datable to the 6th century.

online resource
posted on 2017-01-06, 00:00 authored by gschenke
P.Oxy. 6 993:

Order issued by a church for the payment of two jars of wine to a plasterer on the occasion of a feast. (Grenfell & Hunt).

† ἡ ἁγία ἐκ<κ>λ(ησία) Ἀνουθίῳ διοικ(ητῇ(?))
οἰκ(ονόμῳ(?)) τοῦ ἁγίου Γαβριήλ.
παρασχ(οῦ) τῷ κονιάτῃ
ὑπ(ὲρ) τῆς ἑορτ(ῆς) τοῦ Τῦβι
(5) β ἰνδ(ικτίονος) οἴν(ου) δι(πλᾶ) β δύο μ(όνα).

'The holy church to Anouthios, dioiketes (and) oikonomos of Saint Gabriel. Pay the plasterer for the feast of Tybi of the 2nd indiction, two double jars of wine. Total: two.'

(Text: B.P. Grenfell and A.S. Hunt; trans.: G. Schenke)

A complete record of the text, with images, can be found at:;6;993


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Gabriel, the Archangel : S00192

Saint Name in Source


Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Other private document Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet


  • Greek

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Oxyrhynchos Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)


The papyrus is kept at Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Museum E 3079. The document has been dated on palaeographical grounds.


The feast of Tybi (27 December to 25 January) refers to Epiphany. Whether the plasterer was paid for refurbishing the church in time for the festivities, or received this payment simply as a Christmas 'bonus', remains unknown.


Edition: Grenfell, B.P., and Hunt, A.S., The Oxyrhynchus Papyri vol. VI, Published by the Egypt Exploration Society in Graeco-Roman Memoirs (London, 1908), 325. See further literature at:;6;993

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