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E02169: Greek list of Erica wood purchases from Buto in the area of Memphis (Middle Egypt), mentioning a monastery of *Serenos/Sirenos (possibly a martyr of Oxyrhynchos, S00134), presumably a church of Apa *Apollo (possibly the founder of the monastery at Bawit, S00160), and of of *Paul (possibly the Apostle, S00008), datable to the 7th century.

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posted on 2016-12-21, 00:00 authored by Bryan
CPR 14 52, lines 21–32

The document consists of three different texts written by different hands. Two of these texts are letters, while one is a list of suppliers of Erica wood sold to an estate for payments in wheat. Besides various individuals, three of these suppliers of wood are presumably churches, while one is a monastery. The text runs as follows:

(hand 3) † σὺν θ(εῷ) γνῶσι(ς) ξύλ(ων) ἐρικ(ίνων) ἀγορασθ(έντων) π(αρὰ) διαφόρ(ων)
γεωργ(ῶν) Βουτὼ εἰ(ς) λόγ[ο]ν τοῦ ἐνδοξ(οτάτου) γ(εού)χ(ου) τοῦ   ̣  ̣  ̣  ̣δ  ̣[  ̣  ̣]ου μη(νὶ) Τῦβι ιε ἰν[δ(ικτίονος)]
π(αρὰ) Πκαροῦς Εὐδαίμονος ἐρικ(  ) α εἰ(ς) σί(του) (ἀρτάβας) [ -ca.?- ]  ̣
π(αρὰ) Ἰωαννης Ἀνίτου ἐρικ(  ) α εἰ(ς) σί(του) (ἀρτάβας) ε
π(αρὰ) τῶν παιδ(ίων) Ἰωάννου Τιβίου ἐρικ(  ) α εἰ(ς) σί(του) (ἀρτάβας) δ
π(αρὰ) Ἀκωολ Ψυγίου (καὶ) κοιν(  ) ἐρικ(  ) α εἰ(ς) σί(του) (ἀρτάβας) δ 𐅵
π(αρὰ) Ἀνοῦφ πρεσβ(υτέρου) Ἀνδρέου ἐρικ(  ) β εἰ(ς) σί(του) (ἀρτάβας) κβ
π(αρὰ) τοῦ ἁγίου ἄπα Ἀπολλ  ̣  ̣ ἐρικ(  ) α εἰ(ς) σί(του) (ἀρτάβας) γ
π(αρὰ) τοῦ ἁγίου Παύλου ἐρικ(  ) α εἰ(ς) σί(του) (ἀρτάβας) γ
π(αρὰ) τοῦ μοναστηρίου τοῦ ἁγί(ου) Σερίνου ἐρικ(  ) α εἰ(ς) σί(του) (ἀρτάβας) ε
παρὰ τοῦ ἁγίου Παλο  ̣  ̣ ἐρικ(  ) [α] εἰ(ς) σί(του) (ἀρτάβας) γ

'With God. List of Erica wood bought from different farmers of Bouto for the account of the glorious landlord, the … […] month of Tybi of the 15th indiction, as follows:
From Pkarous, son of Eudaimon: 1 Erica for […] artabas of wheat.
From John Anitos, presbyter: 1 Erica for 5 artabas of wheat.
From the children of John Tibios: 1 Erica for 4 artabas of wheat.
From Akaol Psugius and co-operative (?): 1 Erica for 4 1/2 artabas of wheat.
From Anouph, presbyter, son of Andrew: 2 Erica for 22 artabas of wheat.
From saint Apa Apollo: 1 Erica for 3 artabas of wheat.
From saint Paul: 1 Erica for 3 artabas of wheat.
From the monastery of saint Serenos: 1 Erica for 5 artabas of wheat.
From saint Pal…: 1 Erica for 3 artabas of wheat.'

Text and translation: G. Fantoni, lightly modified.

A full record of this document complete with image can be found at:;14;52


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Sirenos, martyr of Alexandria : S00134 Apa Apollo (founder of the monastery at Bawit, 4th century ) : S00160 Paul, the Apostle : S00008

Saint Name in Source

Σερῖνος Ἀπολλ[ος?] Παῦλος

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - List



Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Bouto Memphis

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Bouto Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis Memphis Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - monastic

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - lesser clergy


The papyrus P.Vindob. G 39928 belongs to the papyrus collection in Vienna. The document is dated on palaeographical grounds.


The religious institutions selling Erica wood must have had land holdings on which it was cultivated.


Edition: Fantoni, G., "52. Two Letters and an Account of Erica Wood Purchases," in: Corpus Papyrorum Raineri XIV, Griechische Texte X, Greek Papyri of the Byzantine Period (Vienna, 1989), 101–104. Mention: Papaconstantinou, A., Le culte des saints en Égypte des Byzantins aux Abbassides (Paris: CNRS, 2001), 424.

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