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E02126: Greek order from Oxyrhynchos (Middle Egypt) to supply wine for widows of the martyr shrine of *John, (presumably either the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042, or the Baptist, S00020), datable to the 5th/6th century.

online resource
posted on 2016-12-15, 00:00 authored by gschenke
P.Oxy. 67 4622:

recto (front):

Βίκτωρι οἰνοχειρ(ιστῇ).
ταῖς χήρ(αις) τοῦ ἁγί(ου) Ἰωάννου
οἴνου διπλοῦν ἕν, γί(νεται) δι(πλοῦν) α.
Ἁθὺρ κε.

verso (back):

μαρτύρ(ιον?) τοῦ ἁγί(ου) Ἰωάννου

'To Victor, wine-steward. For the widows of St. John one double jar of wine, total double jar 1, Hathyr 25.’

(Back) 'Martyrium of St. John.’

Text and translation: N. Gonis.

A full record of this document, complete with image is available at:;67;4622


Evidence ID


Saint Name

John the Evangelist : S00042 John the Baptist : S00020

Saint Name in Source

Ἰωάννης Ἰωάννης

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Other private document Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet


  • Greek

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Oxyrhynchos Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Place of martyrdom of a saint

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Distribution of alms


The papyrus P.Oxy. 67 4622 is located at Oxford, Sackler Library, Papyrology Rooms, 23 3B.13/M(2–4)a. The document is dated on palaeographical grounds.


Although written on a different day, this text is very similar to E02130, E02310, E02311, and E02312, which were written by the same scribe and addressed to the same wine-merchant, all ordering wines for charitable distribution to the widows of individual churches. It is unclear which John, the Baptist or Evangelist, was venerated at this shrine.


Edition: Gonis, N., "P.Oxy. 67 4622. Order to Supply Wine," in: R. A. Coles (ed.), The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, vol. LXVII, London 2001, 254–255.

Usage metrics

    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity