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E02047: Hydatius in his Latin Chronicle records how Theodoric II, king of the Goths, refrained from the pillage of Mérida (south-west Spain) in 456/7 because of warnings from *Eulalia (virgin and martyr of Mérida, S00407); written probably in Chaves (north-west Spain), c 468/469.

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posted on 2016-11-26, 00:00 authored by mszata
Hydatius, Chronicle 175 [182]

Theudericus Emeritam depredari moliens beatae Eulaliae martyris terretur ostentis.

'Theoderic was preparing to pillage Emerita but was deterred by warnings from the blessed martyr Eulalia.'

Text and translation: Burgess 1993: 108-109


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Eulalia, martyr of Mérida (Spain), ob. 303/305 : S00407

Saint Name in Source


Type of Evidence

Literary - Other narrative texts (including Histories)



Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Iberian Peninsula

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Merida Osset Osset Osen (castrum) Osser castrum

Cult Activities - Miracles

Miracle after death Miraculous interventions in war Miraculous protection - of communities, towns, armies


Hydatius, a bishop in Galicia (in northwest Spain), probably of Chaves, wrote his chronicle c. 468/469. It is the most important source for the history of Iberia in the 5th century. For detailed discussion and further bibliography, see: Burgess 1993; Muhlberger 1990, 193-266. The numbers of paragraphs in brackets refer to the 1973 edition of A. Tranoy.


Hydatius twice refers to the miraculous powers of Eulalia in his Chronicle (here and in SE02046); the other references he makes to saints are those to Stephen, the First Martyr, and Martin of Tours. These facts support the high status of the cult of Eulalia in 5th c. Spain.


Editions and translations: Burgess ,R.W., The Chronicle of Hydatius and the Consularia Constantinopolitana: Two Contemporary Accounts of the Final Years of the Roman Empire (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993). Edition and English translation. Mommsen, T., Hydatii Lemici continuatio chronicorum Hieronymianorum, in: Chronica Minora saec. IV. V. VI. VII., vol. 2 (Monumenta Germaniae Historica: Auctores Antiquissimi 11; Berlin: Apud Weidmannos, 1894), 1-36. Tranoy, A., Hydace, Chronique, 2 vols. (Sources chrétiennes 218-219; Paris: Cerf, 1973). Edition and French translation. Further reading: Muhlberger, S., The Fifth-Century Chroniclers: Prosper, Hydatius, and the Gallic Chronicler of 452 (Leeds: Francis Cairns, 1990).

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