Δ + Ω. ἅγιος ὁ θεός, ἅγιος [ἰσχυ]ρός, ἅγιος ἀθάνα[τος, ἐλ]έη(σον) (?). Σήργ(ις). +
'Δ + Ω. Holy God, Holy Mighty One, Holy Immortal One, have mercy! Sergis. +'
Text: IGLS 4, no. 1775.
Saint NameSergios, martyr in Syria, ob. 303-311 : S00023
Saint Name in SourceΣήργις
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
Evidence not before451
Evidence not after750
Activity not before451
Activity not after750
Place of Evidence - RegionSyria with Phoenicia
Syria with Phoenicia
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcApamea on the Orontes
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Apamea on the Orontes
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsPrayer/supplication/invocation
SourceStone lintel. The inscription is above a damaged carving of a cross within a square. No published description.
When recorded, the lintel was reused in the wall of a roadside inn (khan) at el-Ekhwēn. First seen by Richard Burton during his stay in Syria (with Charles Tyrwhitt Drake) and published by him in 1872, with the aid of W.S.W. Vaux. Revisited by Jean Lassus in the 1930s, who noted that by that time most of the inscription was lost. Republished by René Mouterde in 1955, based on the earlier editions.
DiscussionThe inscription begins with the letters Α and Ω (with Δ erroneously carved instead of Α by the stonecutter), followed by the Trisagion prayer. At the end of the line is the name 'Sergios'. Mouterde prudently noted that this could be the name of Saint Sergios, invoked to protect the building where the inscription was displayed, but could also have been the name of a supplicant, saying the prayer.
Dating: the Trisagion prayer was popularised in Syria during the miaphysite controversy, therefore a 5th or 6th c. date is probable.
Jalabert, L., Mouterde, R., Mondésert, Cl., Inscriptions grecques et latines de la Syrie, vol. 4: Laodicée, Apamène (BAH 61, Paris: Librairie orientalise Paul Geuthner, 1955), no. 1775.
Lassus, J., Inventaire archéologique de la région au nord-est de Hama, vol. 1: Text (Documents d'Études Orientales 4, Damascus: Institut français de Damas, [1935-1936?]), 111, no. 59, fig. 117.
Burton, R. Fr., Drake, Ch.F.T., Unexplored Syria: visits to the Libanus, the Tulúl el Safá, the Anti-Libanus, the northern Libanus, and the ʼAláh, vol. 2 (London: Tinsley brothers, 1872), 383, no. 44, and plate III, no. 44.