University of Oxford

File(s) not publicly available

E01881: Greek inscription on a lintel, possibly invoking *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023). Found at el-Ekhwēn near Apamea on the Orontes (central Syria). Probably 5th-7th c.

online resource
posted on 2016-10-01, 00:00 authored by pnowakowski
Δ + Ω. ἅγιος ὁ θεός, ἅγιος [ἰσχυ]ρός, ἅγιος ἀθάνα[τος, ἐλ]έη(σον) (?). Σήργ(ις). +

'Δ + Ω. Holy God, Holy Mighty One, Holy Immortal One, have mercy! Sergis. +'

Text: IGLS 4, no. 1775.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Sergios, martyr in Syria, ob. 303-311 : S00023

Saint Name in Source


Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)


  • Greek

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Syria with Phoenicia Syria with Phoenicia

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Apamea on the Orontes el-Ekhwēn

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Apamea on the Orontes Thabbora Thabbora el-Ekhwēn Thabbora Thabbora

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs



Stone lintel. The inscription is above a damaged carving of a cross within a square. No published description. When recorded, the lintel was reused in the wall of a roadside inn (khan) at el-Ekhwēn. First seen by Richard Burton during his stay in Syria (with Charles Tyrwhitt Drake) and published by him in 1872, with the aid of W.S.W. Vaux. Revisited by Jean Lassus in the 1930s, who noted that by that time most of the inscription was lost. Republished by René Mouterde in 1955, based on the earlier editions.


The inscription begins with the letters Α and Ω (with Δ erroneously carved instead of Α by the stonecutter), followed by the Trisagion prayer. At the end of the line is the name 'Sergios'. Mouterde prudently noted that this could be the name of Saint Sergios, invoked to protect the building where the inscription was displayed, but could also have been the name of a supplicant, saying the prayer. Dating: the Trisagion prayer was popularised in Syria during the miaphysite controversy, therefore a 5th or 6th c. date is probable.


Edition: Jalabert, L., Mouterde, R., Mondésert, Cl., Inscriptions grecques et latines de la Syrie, vol. 4: Laodicée, Apamène (BAH 61, Paris: Librairie orientalise Paul Geuthner, 1955), no. 1775. Lassus, J., Inventaire archéologique de la région au nord-est de Hama, vol. 1: Text (Documents d'Études Orientales 4, Damascus: Institut français de Damas, [1935-1936?]), 111, no. 59, fig. 117. Burton, R. Fr., Drake, Ch.F.T., Unexplored Syria: visits to the Libanus, the Tulúl el Safá, the Anti-Libanus, the northern Libanus, and the ʼAláh, vol. 2 (London: Tinsley brothers, 1872), 383, no. 44, and plate III, no. 44.

Usage metrics

    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity



    Ref. manager