Saint NameUnnamed martyrs (or name lost) : S00060
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
Evidence not before400
Evidence not after1300
Activity not before400
Activity not after1300
Place of Evidence - RegionSyria with Phoenicia
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcAntioch on the Orontes
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Antioch on the Orontes
Cult activities - PlacesCult building - unspecified
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsPrayer/supplication/invocation
SourceFragment 1: Grey marble fragment, broken and lost on all sides. H. 0.103 m; W. 0.15 m; Th. 0.033 m. Letter height 0.052-0.068 m. There are probably traces of letters below the preserved line.
Fragment 2: Grey marble fragment of a cornice. Reused in another structure. H. 0.221 m; W. 0.130 m; max. Th. 0.09 m. Letter height 0.06 m.
Both fragments were found in sector 15-M (near the so-called House of Aion) during the surveys of the Committee for the Excavation of Antioch and its Vicinity (1937-1939). First published by Glanville Downey in 1941 in the reports of the Committee, after an examination of the stone. Republished by René Mouterde and Louis Jalabert in 1950, based on Downey's edition.
DiscussionThe reconstruction was suggested by Downey, the first editor of the text. Mouterde was sceptical about this completion. Actually, as just very small portions of the inscriptions are preserved, we cannot say whether they really referred to a martyr. Furthermore, the epithet μέγας/'great' was rarely given to martyrs in inscriptions.
It is not certain, whether both fragments come from the same text (or at least from the same building), but given the fact that they were found in proximity to each other, we reproduce them together.
Dating: there is no way to reliably date these inscriptions. The editors note that the forms of the letters resemble those of the 'Byzantine' period. The term 'Byzantine', as used in the early 20th c., was, however, very imprecise and could refer to both Late Antiquity and middle Byzantine times.
Jalabert, L., Mouterde, R., Les inscriptions grecques et latines de la Syrie, vol. 3/1: Région de l’Amanus, Antioche (BAH 46, Paris: P. Geuthner, 1950), nos. 805-806.
Downey, G., “Greek and Latin inscriptions”, in: R. Stillwell and others (eds.), Antioch-on-the-Orontes, vol. 3: The excavations 1937-1939 (Princeton: Princeton Univeristy Press, 1941), 91, nos. 133 and 139 (photographs??).
R. Stillwell and others (eds.), Antioch-on-the-Orontes, vol. 3: The excavations 1937-1939 (Princeton: Princeton Univeristy Press, 1941), 11-12 (for a description of the find-spot).