Saint NameMary, Mother of Christ : S00033
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
Evidence not before500
Evidence not after1300
Activity not before500
Activity not after1300
Place of Evidence - RegionAegean islands and Cyprus
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcChios
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Chios
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsPrayer/supplication/invocation
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesOther lay individuals/ people
SourceA grey marble slab. H. 0.27 m; W. 0.59 m. Above the inscription there are carvings of two crosses and other unspecified decorations. The editor says that the third line might have been written by another hand, in an earlier period.
Seen and copied by Georgios Zolotas at the Museum of the Gymnasium in Chios after 1886. Said to have been found at a citadel (phrourion).
DiscussionThe inscription was authored by a certain Konstantinos, who named himself a servant of God and of the God-Bearer. The name 'Menokritos, son of Menogenes', written on the same stone, comes probably from a different, now lost, text.
The meaning of the last word preserved in line 2, εκτοκουνο, is not clear, and the editor does not say whether the right-hand side of the stone was broken and lost when he examined it. This is, however, possible, and the line might need to be completed. The other option is that the last word in line 2 was erroneously read by the editor, or that the possibly illiterate stonecutter confused this word with the name Theotokos/'God-Bearer'.
Dating: the sophisticated epithets of Mary suggest a fairly late date for the inscription, possibly the 6th/7th c. or even later.
Zolotas, G., Επιγραφαί Χίου ανέκδοτοι , Athena 20 (1908), 246-247, no. 79.
Kiourtzian, G., "Pietas insulariorum", [in:] Eupsychia: mélanges offerts à Hélène Ahrweiler, vol. 2 (Série Byzantina Sorbonensia 16, Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne, 1998), 375.