Saint NameIsidore, martyr of Chios, ob. 249/251 : S00425
Saint Name in SourceἸσίδωρος
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
Evidence not before400
Evidence not after1300
Activity not before400
Activity not after1300
Place of Evidence - RegionAegean islands and Cyprus
Aegean islands and Cyprus
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcChios
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Chios
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesOther lay individuals/ people
SourceA whitish stone plaque. H. 0.39 m; W. 0.42 m; Th. 0.14 m. Seen and copied by Georgios Zolotas at the Museum of the Gymnasium in Chios after 1886. Said to have been found at Livadia.
DiscussionThe inscription is an invocation of Saint Isidoros. Its remarkable feature is the unusual combination of the pagan introductory formula agathe tyche / 'with good fortune' with the Christian religion of the supplicant.
We witness here a sign of the devotion to a local martyr, as Isidoros was martyred and then venerated in Chios. His cult was known to Gregory of Tours in the late 6th c., see: E00654.
Dating: There is no reliable way to date such a short invocation: this type of prayer, with the 'servant-of-saint' formula, is unlikely to occur before the late 5th or 6th c., while the agathe tyche formula suggests a date early in this period.
Zolotas, G., "Επιγραφαί Χίου ανέκδοτοι", Athena 20 (1908), 312, no. 29
Kiourtzian, G., "Pietas insulariorum", [in:] Eupsychia: mélanges offerts à Hélène Ahrweiler, vol. 2 (Série Byzantina Sorbonensia 16, Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne, 1998), 375.