University of Oxford

File(s) not publicly available

E01630: Greek inscription on a lintel, referring to *Michael (the Archangel, S00181). Found at Androna (modern al-Andarin), to the east of Apamea on the Orontes (central Syria). Probably 6th c.

online resource
posted on 2016-06-15, 00:00 authored by pnowakowski
+ αὕτη ἡ πύλ- η τοῦ Κυρίου:
δίκαιοι εἰ- σελεύσον-
ται ἐ<ν> αὐτῇ. τοῦ ἁγίου Μιχαήλ.

1. + αὕτ<η> [ἡ πύλη] Κυρίου IGLS, + αὕτη [ἡ πύλη] Κυρίου Prentice || 3. διὰ τ]οῦ Μιχαήλ IGLS Prentice

'+ This gate of the Lord, into which the righteous shall enter. Of the holy Michael.'

Text: Strube 2003, 31.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Michael, the Archangel : S00181

Saint Name in Source


Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)


  • Greek

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Syria with Phoenicia

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Androna Thabbora Thabbora

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)


Broken into three pieces. Fragments A and B: Two non-conjoining fragments of a stone lintel. Preserved dimensions: H. 0.525 m; W. respectively 0.43 m and 0.505 m. Found at Androna (modern Al-Andarin), c. 100 m to the south of the citadel and to the east of the cathedral. First published by Abednego Seller in 1696. Fragment C: The third, central part of the lintel was found by the German archaeological mission, excavating the citadel in the period 1997-2001, and published by Christine Strube in 2003. The fragment was found to the southeast of Church 1. H. 0.525 m; W. 2.60 m; Th. 0.51 m.


The inscription contains the 20th verse of Psalm 118, followed by the name of Michael the Archangel. The shape of the stone suggests that it was originally displayed over a doorway. Strube suggests that the name of the Archangel indicates that the inscription comes from a church dedicated to Michael, possibly the church mentioned in the inscription on a boundary stone found at Androna, and published by Marc Griesheimer in 2001 (see: E01631). She notes, however, that the two inscriptions might also refer to two different buildings.


Edition: Strube, Chr., "Androna/al Andarin. Vorbericht über die Grabungskampagnen in den Jahren 1997-2001", Archäologischer Anzeiger (2003), 31. Jalabert, L., Mouterde, R., Mondésert, Cl., Inscriptions grecques et latines de la Syrie, vol. 4: Laodicée, Apamène (BAH 61, Paris: Librairie orientalise Paul Geuthner, 1955), no. 1688. Prentice, W.K. (ed.), Publications of the Princeton University Archaeological Expeditions to Syria in 1904-1905 and 1909, Division III: Greek and Latin Inscriptions, Section B: Northern Syria (Leyden: E.J. Brill, 1922), 54, no. 929 and errata. Waddington, W.H., Inscriptions grecques et latines de la Syrie (Paris: Firmin Didot Frères, Libraires-Éditeurs, 1870), no. 2637b. Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum, nos. 8843 and 8931. Seller, A., The antiquities of Palmyra, containing the history of the city, and its emperors, from its foundation to the present time. With an appendix of critical observations on the names, religion, and government of the country, and a commentary on the inscriptions lately found there, Appendix (London, 1696), 171, no. III and probably no. IV. Further reading: DACL, s.v. Citat. bibl. col. 1735 Mundell Mango, M., "Byzantine settlement expansion in north central Syria: the case of Androna/Andarin", in: A. Borrut, M. Debié, A. Papaconstantinou, D. Pieri, J.-P. Sodini (eds.), Le Proche-Orient de Justinien aux Abassides : peuplement et dynamiques spatiales : actes du colloque "Continuités de l'occupation entre les périodes byzantine et abbasside au Proche-Orient, VIIe-IXe siècles," Paris, 18-20 octobre 2007 (Bibliothèque de l'Antiquité tardive 19, Turnhout: Brepols, 2011), 93-122. Mundell Mango, M., "Androna and the late antique cities of Oriens" in: E. Rizos (ed.), New Cities in Late Antiquity. Documents and Archaeology (Bibliothèque de l'Antiquité Tardive 35, Turnhout: Brepols, 2017), 189-204. Reference works: Bulletin épigraphique (2005), 514. Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 53, 1787.

Usage metrics

    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity



    Ref. manager