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E01541: The early 5th c. Syriac Martyrology commemorates on 30 August the martyrdom of *Gelōs (martyr of Ancyra, S01069) and his six companions.

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posted on 2016-06-07, 00:00 authored by sminov
ܘܒܬܠܬܝܢ ܒܐܒܝ ܒܐܢܩܘܪܐ ܓܝܠܘܤ ܡܘܕܝܢܐ ܘܐܚܖ̈ܢܐ ܫܬܐ.

'And on the thirtieth (day) of Ab (i.e. August) – at Ancyra, the martyr Gelōs and six others.'

Ed. Nau 1912, p. 20; trans. S. Minov.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Gelōs, martyr in Ancyra : S01069

Saint Name in Source


Type of Evidence

Liturgical texts - Calendars and martyrologies



Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region


Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Edessa Edessa Edessa Ἔδεσσα Edessa

Major author/Major anonymous work

Syriac Martyrology of 411

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast


The Syriac Martyrology of the year 411 is the earliest liturgical calendar preserved in Syriac. It appears in the manuscript BL Add. 12150. The manuscript's colophon relates that it was produced in the city of Edessa in the year 411. Composed during the last decades of the fourth or the first decade of the fifth century, the Martyrology is divided into the two main sections - the main one, devoted to the Christian martyrs of the Roman empire, and the shorter one, devoted to the Christians executed in the Sasanian empire. The former section is derived from a lost Greek martyrology. For more information, see E00465 Syriac text: Wright 1865-1866; Nau 1912, pp. 11-26; Brock and van Rompay 2014, pp. 389-392; English translation: Wright 1865-1866, pp. 423-432; French translation: Nau 1912, pp. 11-26; German translation: Lietzmann 1903, pp. 9-16; Latin translation: Mariani 1956. For general information, see Taylor 2012, pp. 80-81; Schäferdiek 2005.


The Martyrology provides the earliest evidence for the liturgical commemoration of the martyr Gelōs and his companions among Syriac-speaking Christians. It is possible that Gelōs is the same saint as Gaianus of Ancyra, commemorated in the Martyrologium Hieronymianum, since the recorded feast days of the latter - 31 August (E04936) and, less clearly, 4 September (E04941) - fall close to the 30 August feast of Gelōs.


Main editions and translations: Brock, S.P., and van Rompay, L., Catalogue of the Syriac Manuscripts and Fragments in the Library of Deir al-Surian, Wadi al-Natrun (Egypt) (Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 227; Leuven: Peeters, 2014). Lietzmann, H., Die drei ältesten Martyrologien (Kleine Texte für Theologische Vorlesungen und Übungen 2; Bonn: A. Marcus und E. Weber, 1903). Mariani, B., Breviarium syriacum seu martyrologium syriacum saec. IV (Rerum ecclesiasticarum documenta, Series minor: Subsidia studiorum 3; Roma: Herder, 1956). Nau, F., Martyrologes et ménologes orientaux, I–XIII. Un martyrologie et douze ménologes syriaques édités et traduits (Patrologia Orientalis 10.1 [46]; Paris: Firmin-Didot, 1912). Wright, W., “An Ancient Syriac Martyrology,” Journal of Sacred Literature and Biblical Record NS VIII, 15 (1865), 45-56; 16 (1866), 423-432. Further reading: Schäferdiek, K., “Bemerkungen zum Martyrologium Syriacum,” Analecta Bollandiana 123:1 (2005), 5-22. Taylor, D.G.K., “Hagiographie et liturgie syriaque,” in: A. Binggeli (ed.), L’hagiographie syriaque (Études syriaques 9; Paris: Paul Geuthner, 2012), 77-112.

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