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E01302: Coptic funerary inscription from Bawit (Middle Egypt) with a long invocation to a large number of saints including the Archangels *Michael (S00181) and *Gabriel (S00192), *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), *Adam and Zoe/Eve (S00772), the *Apostles (S00084), the martyrs *Viktor (son of Romanos, Egyptian martyr, S00749), *Phoibamon (soldier and martyr of Assiut, S00080), *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), *Menas (soldier and martyr of Abu Mena, S00073), the *Martyrs of Thone (S00771), and a long list of monastic figures including *Apollo (founder of the monastery at Bawit, 4th century, S00160), Anoup, and Phib (S00774), presumably 6th/8th century.

online resource
posted on 2016-04-22, 00:00 authored by Bryan
KSB 1 473

+ ⲡⲓⲱⲧ ⲡϣⲏⲣⲉ ⲡⲉⲡⲛⲁ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲁⲃ ⲡⲉⲛⲉⲓⲱⲧ ⲙⲓⲭⲁⲏⲗ ⲙⲉⲛ ⲅⲁⲃⲣⲓⲏⲗ ⲧⲉⲙⲁⲁⲩ ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ ⲡⲉⲛⲉⲓⲱⲧ ⲁⲇⲁⲙ ⲧⲉⲙⲁⲁⲩ ⲍⲱⲏ ⲛⲉ ⲙⲡⲁⲧⲣⲓⲁⲣⲭⲏⲥ ⲛⲉⲡⲣⲟⲫⲏⲧⲏⲥ ⲛⲁⲡⲟⲥⲧⲟⲗⲟⲥ ⲛⲉⲙⲁⲣⲧⲏⲣⲟⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲃⲓⲕⲧⲱⲣ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲟⲓⲃⲁⲙⲱⲛ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲅⲉⲱⲣⲅⲉ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲙⲏⲛⲁ ⲡⲉⲛⲉⲓⲱⲧ ⲓⲱϩⲁⲛⲏⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲡⲟⲩⲗ̣ⲉ̣
ⲛⲓⲗⲁⲙⲱⲛ ⲕⲉⲣⲱⲛⲥⲉ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲙⲁⲝⲓⲙⲓⲛⲉ ⲛⲉⲛⲉⲓⲟⲧⲉ ⲙⲁⲣⲧⲏⲣⲟⲥ ⲛⲧⲟⲛⲉ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲡⲯⲟⲧⲉ ⲛⲉⲛⲟϭ ⲣⲱⲙⲉ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲁⲡⲟⲗⲱ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲁⲛⲟⲩⲡ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲓⲃ
ⲁⲡⲁ ⲙⲁⲕⲁⲣⲉ ⲙⲉ ⲛⲉϥϣⲏⲣⲉ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲙⲱⲩⲥⲏⲥ ⲙⲉ ⲛⲉϥ(ⲥⲛⲏ)ⲩ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲡϣⲟⲓ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲡⲁⲙⲟⲩⲛ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲉⲩⲧⲉⲙⲱⲛ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲡⲁⲡⲛⲟⲩⲧⲉ ⲛⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲁⲃ
ⲧⲏⲣⲟⲩ ⲛⲧⲁⲟⲩⲉⲣ ⲡⲟⲩⲱϣ ⲙⲡⲛⲟⲩⲧⲉ ⲁⲣⲓ ⲡⲙⲉⲉⲩⲉ ⲛⲁⲡⲁ ⲡϣⲟⲓ ⲛⲧϯⲁⲕⲱⲛ ⲡⲣⲙⲡⲉⲣⲛⲟ(ϭ) : ⲛⲧⲁϥⲙⲧⲟⲛ ⲙⲟϥ ⲥⲟⲩ
ⲧϯⲟⲩ ⲛⲧⲟⲃⲉ : ϩⲁⲙⲏⲛ +

‘Father, Son (and) Holy Spirit. Our father Michael and Gabriel, Mother Mary, our father Adam, mother Zoe and the patriarchs, the prophets (and) the apostles, the martyrs Apa Viktor, Apa Phoibamon, Apa George, Apa Mena, our father Ioannes, Apa Paule, Nilamon, Keronse, Apa Maximine, our fathers, the martyrs of Tone, Apa Psote, the great men, Apa Apollo, Apa Anoup, Apa Phib, Apa Makare and his children, Apa Moyses and his brothers, Apa Pshoi, Apa Pamoun, Apa Eutemon, Apa Papnoute, (and) all the saints who have fulfilled the will of God, remember Apa Pshoi, the deacon, the man from Pernog. He has gone to rest on day five of the month Tybi. Amen.’

Text: Hasitzka, 1993. Translation: G. Schenke.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Mary, Mother of Christ : S00033 Adam and Zoe/Eve : S00772 Apollo, Phib, and Anoup : S00774 700 martyrs of Thone (Middle Egypt) : S00771 Michael, the Archangel : S00181 Gabriel, the Archangel : S00192 Apostles (unspecified) : S00084 Viktor, son

Saint Name in Source

ⲧⲉⲙⲁⲁⲩ ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ ⲡⲉⲛⲉⲓⲱⲧ ⲁⲇⲁⲙ ⲧⲉⲙⲁⲁⲩ ⲍⲱⲏ ⲛⲉⲛⲟϭ ⲣⲱⲙⲉ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲁⲡⲟⲗⲱ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲁⲛⲟⲩⲡ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲓⲃ ⲛⲉⲛⲉⲓⲟⲧⲉ ⲙⲁⲣⲧⲏⲣⲟⲥ ⲛⲧⲟⲛⲉ ⲙⲓⲭⲁⲏⲗ ⲅⲁⲃⲣⲓⲏⲗ ⲛⲁⲡⲟⲥⲧⲟⲗⲟⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲃⲓⲕⲧⲱⲣ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲟⲓⲃⲁⲙⲱⲛ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲅⲉⲱⲣⲅⲉ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲙⲏⲛⲁ

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Funerary inscriptions


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Bawit Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs



The grave stele is kept at the Musée du Louvre, Paris, Inv. 233 C.


For similar grave steles from Bawit, see E01251, and E01252. The martyrs of Thone also occur in an invocation on an ostracon from Wadi Sarga, Middle Egypt (see E01245), there specified as 'the Seven Hundred martyrs of Thone'.


Text: Hasitzka, M.R.M., Koptisches Sammelbuch I (KSB I) (Vienna, 1993), 168–169. Revillout, E., "Mélanges d’épigraphie et de linguistique égyptienne," in: Mélanges d’ Archéologie égyptienne et assyrienne (Paris, 1873–1876), II, 166–196, esp. 175.

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity



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