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E01201: The Syriac Acts of the Second Council of Ephesus (449) relate that Chaereas, Roman governor of the province of Osrhoene, during his visit to the city of Edessa in April of 449, entered the martyr shrine dedicated to Zakhaios, perhaps *Zakhaios (martyr of Antioch, S00795) or *Zakhaios from Gadara (martyr of Palestine, S00119).

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posted on 2016-03-13, 00:00 authored by sminov
Acts of the Second Council of Ephesus

ܘܟܕ ܐܬܐ ܘܩܡ ܒܬܚܘܡܐ: ܘܥܠ ܠܒܝܬ ܣܗ̈ܕܐ ܕܩܕܝܫܐ ܙܟܝ. ܩܥܘ ܟܠܗܘܢ ܗܠܝܢ܆ ܚܕ ܗܘ ܐܠܗܐ. ܠܖ̈ܗܘܡܝܐ ܙܟܘܬܐ.

‘When he [the governor] came and was present within the boundary [of the city] and entered the martyr shrine of the holy Zakhaios, all of them shouted out, "One is God! Victory to the Romans! …"'

Ed. Flemming 1917, p. 14; trans. Doran 2006, p. 139, lightly modified.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Zakchaios from Gadara and Alpheios from Caesarea, martyrs in Palestine, ob. 303 : S00119 Zakchaios, martyr at Antioch : S00795

Saint Name in Source

ܙܟܝ ܙܟܝ


  • Syriac

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region


Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Edessa Edessa Edessa Ἔδεσσα Edessa

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)


Convened in 449 by the emperor Theodosius II, the Second Council of Ephesus dealt mostly with Christological matters. Orchestrated and directed by the representatives of the Miaphysite party, it resulted in the condemnation and deposition of bishops from the Diophysite party such as as Hiba of Edessa, Domnus of Antioch and Theodoret of Cyrrhus. Written originally in Greek, the proceedings of this council are preserved only in Syriac translation. Syriac text: Flemming 1917; English translation: Perry 1881; Doran 2006, 133-188 (sections relating to Hiba); French translation: Martin 1874; German translation: Flemming 1917. For general information, see Millar 2009.


One of the official documents included in the Acts is a petition against bishop Hiba (435-457), submitted to the council by citizens of Edessa. This document starts with a description of the visit to the city by Chaereas, comes and praeses of the province of Osrhoene (PLRE II, p. 282). It is reported that when this official arrived at the 'boundary' (Syr. tḥumā) of the city, he entered the martyr shrine (Syr. bēt sahdē) dedicated to Zakhaios. The exact identity of this martyr is unclear. Among the possible candidates are *Zakhaios (martyr of Antioch, S00795) and *Zakhaios from Gadara (martyr of Palestine, S00119). Neither is it clear where exactly this church was located in relation to the city of Edessa.


Main editions and translations: Flemming, J.P.G., Akten der Ephesinischen Synode vom Jahre 449: Syrisch (Abhandlungen der Königlichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen, Philologisch-Historische Klasse, N.F. 15.1; Berlin: Weidmann, 1917). Doran, R., Stewards of the Poor: The Man of God, Rabbula, and Hiba in Fifth-Century Edessa (Cistercian Studies Series 208; Kalamazoo, Michigan: Cistercian Publications, 2006). Martin, J.-P.P., Actes du Brigandage d’Éphèse: traduction faite sur le texte syriaque contenu dans le manuscrit 14530 du Musée britannique (Amien: Emile Glorieux, 1874). Perry, S.G.F., The Second Synod of Ephesus, together with Certain Extracts Relating to it, from Syriac Mss. Preserved in the British Museum (Dartford: Orient Press, 1881). Further reading: Millar, F., “The Syriac Acts of the Second Council of Ephesus (449),” in: R.M. Price and M. Whitby (eds.), Chalcedon in Context: Church Councils 400–700 (Translated Texts for Historians, Contexts 1; Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2009), 45-69.

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity



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