+ ἀρχάγ[γελε c. 4-6 letters]
φύλατε τὸ̣ν ̣δοῦλ[ον - - -]
ΘΙΝ [ c. 2-3 letters]
1. + ἀρχάγ[γελε Μιχαηλ (?)] Metcalfe || 2-3. Ἀ]θιν[ίον (?) Metcalfe
'+ O, Archan[gel - - -], guard [your (?)] servant [- - -]!'
Text and translation (lightly modified): M. Metcalfe in: Matthews, Metcalfe & Cottica 2009, 202, no. PPI3.
Saint NameArchangels (unspecified) : S00191
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Inscribed architectural elements
Evidence not before450
Evidence not after1300
Activity not before450
Activity not after1300
Place of Evidence - RegionAsia Minor
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcSakaeli Köyü
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Sakaeli Köyü
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsPrayer/supplication/invocation
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesOther lay individuals/ people
SourceA capital with carved crosses pattée in circles and scroll-work. Broken on top. H. 0.485 m; W. 0.505 m; Th. 0.475 m; diameter 0.3 m. The inscription is written on one face. Letter height 0.045-0.05 m. Found in the front yard of a house, during a survey conducted by members of the Project Paphlagonia: archaeological and historical survey in north-central Turkey (University College London) in the modern provinces of Çankırı and (partially) Karabük, between 1997 and 2001, directed by Roger Matthews. A squeeze is kept in the British Institute at Ankara. A photograph is published in the edition of the text.
DiscussionThe inscription is an invocation of an archangel. Michael Metcalfe supposes that the lacuna in line 1 is long enough to accommodate the name of the archangel, most probably Michael.
The lacuna at the end of line 2 is very short. Metcalfe supposes that the beginning of the name of the dedicant was present there, but if so, there is no room for the pronoun σου/'your', referring to the noun 'servant', which is common in this kind of invocation. Metcalfe argues that the pronoun could be understood in this case or the noun 'servant' was abbreviated.
Line 3 contains remnants of the name of the dedicant. The sequence of letters ΘΙΝ was not frequent in Greek names, and, therefore, the completion Ἀθινίος is plausible.
Dating: 'Byzantine', claimed by the surveyors; the term may refer to both the late antique and middle Byzantine periods.
Matthews, R., Metcalfe, M., Cottica, D., "Landscapes with Figures: Paphlagonia through the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine Periods, 330BC - AD 1453", in: Glatz, C., Matthews, R., At empire's edge: Project Paphlagonia: regional survey in North-Central Turkey (London: British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara, 2009), 202, no. PPI3.
Izdebski, A., Rural Economy in Transition: Asia Minor from Late Antiquity into the Early Middle Ages (Journal of Juristic Papyrology. Supplement 18, Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Faculty of Law and Admistration, Chair of Roman Law and the Law of Antiquity; University of Warsaw, Institute of Archaeology, Department of Papyrology; The Raphael Taubenschlag Foundation: 2011), 90-91.
Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 59, 1461.