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E01154: Greek inscription, commemorating a vow, just possibly mentioning a pair of local martyrs. Found at Eumeneia/Fulvia (Phrygia, west central Asia Minor). Probably late antique.

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posted on 2016-02-26, 00:00 authored by pnowakowski
+ ὑπὲρ ἀν[έ]-
σεως (?) μαρ<τυ>-
ρηõν Λυκ-
άστου κὲ Πω-
λητήας, ἀ-

1-2. ὑπὲρ Ἄ|σεως Huttner, ὑπὲρ ἀν[έ]|σεως Buckler Calder Cox || 2-3. μαρ<τυ>|ρηõν Buckler Calder Cox, <ἁ>μαρ|<τ>ηõν or μαρ<τυ>ρήον = μαρ<τυ>ρίον SEG

'+ A vow for the repose (?) of the martyrs (?) Lykastos and Politeia. Amen.'

Text: Buckler, Calder & Cox 1927, no. 191.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Lykastos and Politeia, possibly martyrs of Eumeneia in Phrygia (central Asia Minor) : S01536

Saint Name in Source

Λύκαστος, Πωλητήα

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Funerary inscriptions Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)


  • Greek

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Asia Minor

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Eumeneia Nicomedia Νικομήδεια Nikomēdeia Izmit Πραίνετος Prainetos Nicomedia

Cult activities - Places

Burial site of a saint - tomb/grave

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs


Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Women Other lay individuals/ people


A slab. H. 0.64 m; W. 0.37 m; letter height c. 0.04 m. Broken on the left-hand side. The inscription is framed, and preceded by a carved cross. Seen and copied in July 1924 at Çivril (ancient Eumeneia) by William Buckler, William Calder, and C.W.M. Cox. When recorded, it was reused in a wall of a house.


The inscription is known only from the poor copy made by Buckler, Calder, and Cox, which renders any interpretation of it difficult and uncertain. They argued that it commemorated a vow for the repose of local martyrs, which is very unlikely, since martyrs would not require the help of the faithful in order to be guaranteed eternal life. Joseph Zingerle and Jacobus Hondius in Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum suggested other possible interpretations of the text. They hypothesised that the inscription could have commemorated a vow for the remission of sins of Lykastos and Politeia (apparently ordinary mortals): ὑπὲρ ἀν[έ]σεως (?) <ἁ>μαρ<τ>ηõν Λυκάστου κὲ Πωλητήας (which is a very plausible reading) or that it commemorated the construction of a martyr shrine as an ex-voto offering, as the word μαρ<τυ>ρηον can be also understood as μαρ<τυ>ρίον (martyrion). Ulrich Huttner prefers to read the name Asis (ὑπὲρ Ἄ|σεως) instead of the word ἀν[έ]σεως in lines 1-2.


Edition: Buckler, W.H., Calder, W.M., Cox, C.W.M., "Asia Minor, 1924. III – Monuments from central Phrygia", The Journal of Roman Studies 17 (1927), no. 191. Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae database, no. 1047: Reference works: Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 6, 218.

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity



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