Saint NameApostles (unspecified) : S00084
Paul, the Apostle : S00008
Peter the Apostle : S00036
Saint Name in Sourceἀπώστολοι
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Funerary inscriptions
Evidence not before400
Evidence not after600
Activity not before400
Activity not after600
Place of Evidence - RegionAsia Minor
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcChalcedon
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Chalcedon
Cult activities - PlacesCult building - independent (church)
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesEcclesiastics - lesser clergy
SourceThe inscription was seen and copied by Johann Heinrich Mordtmann before 1885 at Erenköy (near Chalkedon), but it had probably been brought there from another location. First published by X. Sideridis in 1908 after Mordtmann's copy, sent to him in a letter dated 1899. There is no detailed description of the stone.
DiscussionThe inscription is the epitaph for a deacon of a church dedicated to the Apostles. In a letter to Sideridis, Mordtmann noted that this was almost certainly the martyr shrine built by Rufinus, a pretorian prefect of the East (392-395) under the emperor Theodosius I, at his estate of Rufinianae, and connected to the monastery of Rufinianae. The mid-5th c. Life of Hypatios says that the shrine was located close to Chalkedon and that Rufinus, in c. 393, acquired some relics of Peter and Paul the Apostles at Rome, and deposited them in this martyrion (66, 16-25, see E01133).
Denis Feissel rightly dismisses Mordtmann's idea that, based on this inscription, we could identify the site of Rufinianae precisely as Erenköy - because the stone was said to have been brought to the town from elsewhere.
Dating: probably 5th or 6th c. (based on the contents).
Feissel, D., "De Chalcédoine à Nicomédie, quelques inscriptions négligées", Travaux et Mémoires 10 (1987), no. 21.
Miliopoulos, I., Ἀρχαιολογικαὶ ζητήσεις, , 8.
Sideridis, X., Syll. Const., 30 (1908), 219.
Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 37, 1045.