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E01025: Greek inscription on a boundary stone of a church dedicated to a martyr *Dios (probably *Dios, presbyter and martyr of Kaisareia in Cappadocia, S01043). Found near Basilica Therma (Cappadocia, central Asia Minor). Probably 527-565.

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posted on 27.12.2015, 00:00 authored by sminov
+ ὅ<ρ>ο<ι τοῦ> ἁγίου κὲ
ἐνδό<ξ>ου μάρτυρος
Δίου παρασχεθέντες
παρὰ τοῦ εὐσεβεστά-
του ἡμῶν βασιλέω<ς>
<Φλ.> Ἰουστινιανοῦ +

1. ὅ<ρ>ο<ι τοῦ> ἁγίου κὲ or ὁ τόπος <τοῦ> ἁγίου κὲ Girard apud Cumont, ὅ[ρ]ο[ι τοῦ Cumont Amelotti & Zingale, +ΟΤΟΠΟCΑΓΙΟΥΚΕ Girard's copy || 2. ἐνδό[ξ]ου Cumont Amelotti & Zingale, ΕΝΔΟCΟΥ Girard's copy || 3. παρασχεθέντ[ες] Cumont Amelotti & Zingale, ΠΑΡΑCΧΕΘΕΝΤΕC Girard's copy || 5. βασιλέω[ς] Cumont Amelotti & Zingale, ΒΑCΙΛΕΩΝ Girard's copy || 6. [Φλ.] Cumont Amelotti & Zingale, ΒΑC Girard's copy = ΦΛS (?) Cumont

'+ Boundaries (?) (of the church) of the holy and glorious martyr Dios, granted by our most pious emperor Flavius Justinian. +'

Text: Cumont 1902, no. 23, lightly modified.

History

Evidence ID

E01025

Saint Name

Dīos, presbyter and martyr in Kaisareia of Cappadocia : S01043

Saint Name in Source

Δῖος

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

527

Evidence not after

565

Activity not before

527

Activity not after

565

Place of Evidence - Region

Asia Minor

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Basilica Therma

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Basilica Therma Nicomedia Νικομήδεια Nikomēdeia Izmit Πραίνετος Prainetos Nicomedia

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Seeking asylum at church/shrine

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Monarchs and their family

Source

A stone block resembling a column base, used as a boundary stone. It was found by a peasant at Sarikaya/Terzili Hamam (area of ancient Basilica Therma, Cappadocia, eastern Asia Minor) and communicated to Father Girard, a French missionary in Tokat. First edited by Franz Cumont in 1902, from Girard's notes. There is no published detailed description of the object.

Discussion

The inscription is from a boundary stone of a church, or an estate belonging to a church, dedicated to a martyr Dios. Franz Cumont rejected the possibility that our Dios could be the homonymous priest from Alexandria (Egypt), who died together with Peter, bishop of Alexandria, under Maximinus Daia (see Eus. HE VIII 13,7 and E00318). On the other hand, Cumont was ready to consider Dios as a martyr of Kaisereia/Caesarea in Cappadocia, whose feast was celebrated on 12 July together with Cornius/Cornisius and Laventius (see AASS, 12 VII and E04879). Martyrologies spell his name as Divus or Dius, our inscription may indicate that the latter form is correct. The Syriac Martyrology of 411 names him a presbyter (see: E01514; 12 June). For a similar case, where an obscure martyr of Kaisareia is attested by both the Martyrologium and a local inscription, see E02766. The wording of the inscription poses several problems and, unfortunately, we have no photograph to verify the credibility of Girard's copy. The first two lines of the copy read +ΟΤΟΠΟCΑΓΙΟΥΚΕ|ΕΝΔΟCΟΥΜΑΡΤΥΡΟC. This can be of course understood as ὁ τόπος <τοῦ> ἁγίου κὲ ἐνδό<ξ>ου μάρτυρος / 'The place (i.e. church) of the holy and glorious martyr'. However, Girard and subsequent editors preferred to correct the phrase to ὅ<ρ>ο<ι τοῦ> ἁγίου κὲ ἐνδό<ξ>ου μάρτυρος / 'Boundaries (of the church) of the holy and and glorious martyr', given that the singular form of the noun τόπος was not in concord with the plural form of the participle παρασχεθέντες/'granted', that occurs in line 3, and normally refers to boundary stones. It seems that lines 5 and 6 also need corrections. Girard's copy says that the name of the emperor Justinian, contained in this section of the text, was preceded by the title ΒΑCΙΛΕΩΝ ΒΑC. Again Cumont rejects the possibility that we are dealing with the Persian royal title βασιλέων βασ(ιλέως)/'of the King of Kings' and supposes that the copy erroneously renders Justinian's nomen gentile Flavius, abbreviated as ΦΛS. Dating: 527–565, based on a reference to the emperor Justinian.

Bibliography

Edition: Amelotti, M., Migliardi Zingale, L., (eds.), Le costitutioni giustinianee nei papiri e nelle epigrafi (Milan: Giuffrè, 1985), 133. Leclercq, H., "Sinope", in: Dictionnaire d'archéologie chrétienne et de liturgie 15 (Paris: Librarie Letouzey et Ané, 1913), col. 1493. Cumont, F., "Nouvelles inscriptions du Pont", Revue des Études Grecques 15 (1902), no. 23. Further reading: Destephen, S., "Martyrs locaux et cultes civiques en Asie Mineure", in: J.C. Caillet, S. Destephen, B. Dumézil, H. Inglebert, Des dieux civiques aux saints patrons (IVe-VIIe siècle) (Paris: éditions A. & J. Picard, 2015), 100. Halkin, F., "Inscriptions grecques relatives à l'hagiographie, IX, Asie Mineure", Analecta Bollandiana 71 (1953), 91.

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