University of Oxford

File(s) not publicly available

E01012: Fragmentary Greek inscription with remnants of an apotropaic/liturgical text, referring to *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) and the story of Exodus. Found near Nakoleia and Amorion (Galatia, central Asia Minor). Probably late antique.

online resource
posted on 2015-12-21, 00:00 authored by pnowakowski
[- - - ἐν προσώ]̣πῳ δεσποίνης ἡμῶ̣ν ̣τῆς Θε̣οτόκου ̣τ̣ῆ̣ς [ἀ]ειπαρθέν[ου - - -]
[- - - τῶ]ν Αἰγυπτίων ἀποστρέψας ἀπὸ τῶν Ἰστραηλιτῶ[ν - - -]
[- - -] τοὺς ἐνοικοῦντας ἐν τῷ οἴκῳ τούτῳ καὶ ἀ[πόστρεψον - - -]
[- - -]̣την ἀπ' αὐτῶν. Ἐμμανουὴλ μεθ' ἡμῶν ὁ θ(εὸς) π[- - -]

1. [- - - ἐν κόλ]̣πῳ (?) || 2. δύναμι]ν Αἰγυπτίων ἀποστρέψας (?) Rizos || 3. σῷσον] τοὺς ἐνοικοῦντας Rizos

'[- - - facing] our Lady, the God-Bearer (Theotokos), the ever-Virgin [- - -] you pushed [the power (?)] of the Egyptians away from the Israelites [- - -] those who dwell in this house and push [- - - away] from them. Emmanuel, God is with us [- - -]'

Text: MAMA I, no. 397.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Mary, Mother of Christ : S00033

Saint Name in Source


Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.) Liturgical texts - Other Literary - Other Literary - Magical texts and amulets


  • Greek

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Asia Minor Asia Minor

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Amorion Nakoleia

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Amorion Nicomedia Νικομήδεια Nikomēdeia Izmit Πραίνετος Prainetos Nicomedia Nakoleia Nicomedia Νικομήδεια Nikomēdeia Izmit Πραίνετος Prainetos Nicomedia

Cult activities - Liturgical Activity

  • Liturgical invocation

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs


Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Other lay individuals/ people Ecclesiastics – unspecified


A stone, presumably a lintel, reused in the wall of a house at Hanköy (formerly Hüsrevpaşa Hanı/Khosrev Pasha Khan), near ancient Amorium and Nacoleia (Galatia, central Asia Minor). Broken and lost at both ends. Preserved dimensions: H. 0.25 m; W. 1.3 m; letter height 0.02-0.025 m. On the left-hand side there is part of the horizontal bar of a carved cross. In the middle of the inscription there is another carving of a cross. A line of small rectangles runs along the bottom of the slab.


The inscription records a fragmentary piece of apotropaic/liturgical writing, with a reference to Mary as the God-Bearer (Theotokos) and the story of the Israelites' salvation from enslavement in Egypt, as told in the book of Exodus. From the wording, and from the nature of the block it is carved on, the text appears to be designed to protect a dwelling. However, though a house/οἶκος is mentioned in line 5, it is not clear whether a church or a private household is meant, as churches were often called οἶκοι. Line 4 contains a reminiscence of a passage from the Gospel according to Matthew: καὶ καλέσουσιν τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ Ἐμμανουήλ· ὅ ἐστιν μεθερμηνευόμενον 'Μεθ’ ἡμῶν ὁ θεός' / 'They shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us' (Matthew 1:23, cf. Psalm 46:7; Issaiah 7:14), which is quite frequent in inscriptions.


Edition: Monumenta Asiae Minoris Antiqua I, no. 397. Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae database, no. 1702:

Usage metrics

    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity



    Ref. manager