Saint NameKonōn, gardener martyr in Magydos of Pamphylia : S00177
Konōn, martyr in Iconium of Lycaonia (central Asia Minor) : S00429
Konōn, martyr in Isauria (Asia Minor) : S00430
Saint Name in SourceΚόνων
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Inscribed objects
Images and objects - Other portable objects (metalwork, ivory, etc.)
Evidence not before600
Evidence not after700
Activity not before600
Activity not after700
Place of Evidence - RegionAsia Minor
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcPaonala
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Paonala
Cult activities - PlacesCult building - independent (church)
Cult Activities - Cult Related ObjectsPrecious material objects
Chalices, censers and other liturgical vessels
SourceA silver chalice kept in the Bayerisches Nationalmuseum in Munich (acquired in 1966 on the German antiquities market). The inscription runs along the rim on a band framed by two double strokes.
DiscussionThe form of the toponym Paonala is apparently neuter, plural, hence the genitive Παοναλων. The location of the 'village Paonala' remains unknown – maybe it is Paunalla near Ariassos (Pamphylia, southern Asia Minor), which is attested by an inscription published in: Robert 1937, p. 378, no. 5: τόπῳ Παυνάλλοις. However, the editors of Tabula Imperii Byzantini discuss two different places bearing this name (see TIB 8/2, pp. 779, 789), so even if the identification of Paonala with Paunalla is correct, the exact find-spot cannot be determined.
There are three Anatolian saints, who bore the name Konon, and we don't know which one is referred to. *Konon, martyr of Isauria (south-eastern Asia Minor) was said to have lived in the times of the Apostles (1st/2nd c.). He enjoyed the special protection of *Michael the Archangel and led a life of holiness. He was credited with working many miracles. *Konon of Magydos (Pamphylia, southern Asia Minor) was a gardener and martyr under the emperor Decius. It is claimed that he came from Nazareth and was a relative of Christ (if this declaration is to be taken literally, and not as a metaphor for the Christian religion, creating a bond between the followers and the Saviour). *Konon, martyr of Iconium (Lycaonia, central Asia Minor) died under the emperor Aurelian (270-275).
Dating is based on the style of the vessel.
Kahsnitz, R., in: Baumstark, R., Rom und Byzanz. Schatzkammerstücke aus bayerischen Sammlungen (Munich: Hirmer : Bayerisches Nationalmuseum, 1998), no. 15.
Destephen, S., "Martyrs locaux et cultes civiques en Asie Mineure", in: J.C. Caillet, S. Destephen, B. Dumézil, H. Inglebert, Des dieux civiques aux saints patrons (IVe-VIIe siècle) (Paris: éditions A. & J. Picard, 2015), p. 91.
For the city of Paunalla, see:
Robert, L., Études Anatoliennes. Recherches sur les inscriptions grecques de l'Asie-Mineure (Etudes orientales 5, Paris: E. de Boccard, 1937), 378, no. 5.
Tabula Imperii Byzantini 8/2, pp. 779, 789.
Chroniques d'épigraphie byzantine, 1091.
Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 57, 2061.