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E00740: Greek inscription commemorating the paving of a street next to an oratory of *Gabriel (the Archangel, S00192) in Ephesos (western Asia Minor) commissioned by two municipal officials. Probably 5th/6th c.

online resource
posted on 2015-09-24, 00:00 authored by pnowakowski
[ἐγέ]νετο ἡ στρῶσ[ις]
[τῆς] πλατείας ταύτης
[ἀ]πὸ ἔνθεν ἕως τοῦ εὐ-
κτηρίου οἴκου τοῦ ἀρ-
χαγγέλου Γαβρι-
ὴλ ἐπὶ Ἰωάννου
καὶ Λεοντίου τῶν
καὶ πατέρων

'This street was paved from here to the oratory of Gabriel the Archangel, under Ioannes and Leontios, the most eloquent scholastici and fathers (of the city).'

Text: Knibbe & Iplikçioğlu 1981-1982, no. 124. Translation: P. Nowakowski.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Gabriel, the Archangel : S00192

Saint Name in Source


Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)


  • Greek

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Asia Minor

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Ephesus Nicomedia Νικομήδεια Nikomēdeia Izmit Πραίνετος Prainetos Nicomedia

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - dependent (chapel, baptistery, etc.)

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives



On a white marble base. H. 1 m; W. 0.55 m; Th. 0.525 m. Reused in a wall in the street leading to the stadium, to the north of the great theatre.


The inscription commemorates the paving of a street which was commissioned (and probably funded) by two municipal officials: Ioannes and Leontios, scholastici and patres civitatis. For these functions see e.g. Feissel 2017; Jones 1964, pp. 758-759; Ganghoffer 1963, pp. 170-172; Roueché, Ch., ala2004 IV.22-23. The post of pater civitatis and the title the most eloquent scholasticus are unlikely to occur before the mid-fifth century. Pater civitatis was a municipal office held by the members of the local elite. These officials usually supervised the municipal budget and commissioned public construction works. Scholasticus was a title bestowed upon people who completed studies in law. The inscription is unlikely to be later than the early seventh century, when the city of Ephesos experienced a considerable crisis. The mentioned street ran near an oratory (ὁ εὐκτήριος οἶκος) of Gabriel the Archangel.


Edition: Knibbe, D., Iplikçioğlu, B., "Neue Inschriften aus Ephesos, VIII", Jahreshefte des österreichischen Archäologischen Institutes 53 (1981-1982) Hauptblatt, no. 124 Further Reading: Feissel, D., "Trois fonctions municipales dans l'épigraphie protobyzantine (curator, defensor, pater civitatis)", in: K. Bolle, C. Machado & C. Witschel (eds.), The Epigraphic Cultures of Late Antiquity, Stuttgart 2017, 473-501. Ganghoffer, R., L'Évolution des institutions municipales en Occident et en Orient au Bas-Empire (Bibliothèque d'histoire du droit et droit romain 9, Paris: R. Pichon et R. Durand- Auzias, 1963), 170-172. Jones, A.H.M., The Later Roman Empire 284-602: A Social Economic and Administrative Survey (Oxford: Blackwell, 1964), vol. 2, 758-759. Roueché, Ch., ala2004 IV.22-23 ( Reference works: Bulletin épigraphique (1983), 335. Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 33, 961.

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity



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