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E00662: Greek sale of wine with deferred delivery, from Oxyrhynchos (Middle Egypt), mentioning a jar measure named after *Epimachos (martyr at Oxyrhynchos, S00222), dated 2 May 619.

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posted on 2015-08-19, 00:00 authored by gschenke
P.Oxy. 61 4132

In this contract the wine was sold at a certain price and to be delivered later. Though fragmentary, lines 20–25 of the contract seem to refer to wine measures of a church or monastery of Epimachos:

οἴνου πε̣νταξε̣σ̣τι\αίω(ν)/
σ̣ηκωμά̣των̣ ὀκτακο̣σ̣ίων
ἐν̣ τῇ τρύγῃ το̣ῦ̣ Μ̣εσο̣[ρὴ] μ̣η̣ν̣ὸς̣
τ̣ῆ̣ς̣ παρούσ̣η̣[ς ζ ἰνδ(ικτίωνος) οἴνου]
ῥύσ̣ε̣ως ὀ̣γ̣δ̣[όης ἐπινε(μήσεως)   ̣  ̣  ̣  ̣  ̣]
τοῦ̣ ἁγίου Ἐπ̣ι̣  ̣[  ̣  ̣  ̣]υ̣

'…eight hundred five-sextarii jars of wine in the vintage of the month Mesore of the present 7th indiction from the wine yield of the eighth indiction (by the measure?) of the saint Epimachos (?) …'

(Text and trans.: T. Gagos)

A complete record of the document with images can be found at:;61;4132


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Epima, Apa Epima, martyr at Oxyrhynchos and Alexandria, under Diocletian : S01331

Saint Name in Source

Ἐπ̣ι̣  ̣[  ̣  ̣  ̣]υ̣

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Sale document Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet


  • Greek

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Oxyrhynchos Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Other


The papyrus document 389/1 is housed in Oxford, Sackler Library, Papyrology Rooms.


The wine measures mentioned here seem to refer to jars of a church or a monastery dedicated to Epimachos. For similar circumstances see E01918. It might be interesting to note that in the Coptic martyrdom of Apa *Epima (E02843), a native of the village of Pankoleeis/Pangouleiou in the district of Oxyrhynchos, Epima was a very rich and well-known owner of numerous vineyards before becoming a martyr and a saint.


Edition: Gagos, T., "4132. Sale of Wine with Deferred Delivery," in: T. Gagos, M.W. Haslam and N. Lewis (eds.), The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, vol. 61 (London, 1995), 137–141. Further reading: Papaconstantinou, A., Le Culte des Saints en Égypte des Byzantins aux Abbassides (Paris, 2001), 185–18679–80 and 448.

Usage metrics

    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity