Saint NamePēleus, Neilos, Patermouthios and Ēlias, martyrs in Palestine, ob. 310 : S00197
Saint Name in SourceΠηλεύς, Νεῖλος, Πατερμούθιος
Type of EvidenceLiterary - Hagiographical - Accounts of martyrdom
Evidence not before311
Evidence not after340
Activity not before310
Activity not after340
Place of Evidence - RegionPalestine with Sinai
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcCaesarea Maritima
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Caesarea Maritima
Major author/Major anonymous workEusebius of Caesarea
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsComposing and translating saint-related texts
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesEcclesiastics - bishops
SourceIn this work Eusebius presents an account of the suffering and death of Christian martyrs executed during the eight years of the Diocletianic (or Great) persecution, i.e. 303-311. Most of the martyrdoms described by Eusebius took place in Palestine, with the provincial capital city of Caesarea as the most prominent setting.
Peleus, Neilos, Patermouthios, and Elias: ed. Cureton 1861, pp. 49*-50* (long recension); ed. Schwartz et al. 1999, vol. 2, p. 947 (short recension); English trans. Lawlor and Oulton 1927-1928, vol. 1, pp. 395-397.
For a full discussion of Martyrs of Palestine, see $E00294.
DiscussionThis entry, typical of Eusebius' description of the martyrs of Palestine, consists of a brief account of torture and death, with no reference to miraculous events. Although there is no explicit reference to the martyrs' commemoration, the record of their death by Eusebius might suggest that they were commemorated in Caesarea.
BibliographyEditions and translations:
Cureton, W. (ed.), History of the Martyrs in Palestine, by Eusebius, Bishop in Caesarea, Discovered in a Very Ancient Syriac Manuscript (London / Edinburgh: Williams and Norgate / Paris: C. Borrani, 1861).
Lawlor, H.J., and Oulton, J.E.L. (trans.), The Ecclesiastical History and the Martyrs of Palestine. 2 vols (London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1927-1928).
Schwartz, E., Mommsen, T., and Winkelmann, F. (eds.), Eusebius Werke, Band 2, Teil 2 (Die griechischen christlichen Schriftsteller der ersten Jahrhunderte NF 6/2; 2nd ed.; Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1999).