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E00235: Coptic will of Jacob and Elias, heads of the monastery of Epiphanios at Thebes (Upper Egypt), mid 7th c., mentioning the road to (the monastery of) *Phoibammon (soldier and martyr of Assiut, S00080) and the cave of two men remembered amongst the saints.

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posted on 2014-12-18, 00:00 authored by pnowakowski
P.KRU 75

The two heads of the monastery of Epiphanios on the mountain of Jeme, Jacob, son of David, and Elias, son of Samuel, name as their successor the monk Stephanos to be the future head of the monastery.

The boundaries of the monastery are given in lines 16–19 and 67–69 as:

ϫⲓⲛ ⲧⲉϩⲓⲏ ⲉⲧⲃⲏⲕ ⲉϩⲟⲩⲛ ⲉⲡϩⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲫⲟⲓⲃⲁⲙⲙⲱⲛ ϣⲁ ⲧⲉϩⲓⲏ ⲉⲧⲃⲏⲕ ⲉϩⲟⲩⲛ ⲉⲡⲃⲏⲃ ⲛⲛⲉⲧⲉⲣⲉⲡⲉⲩⲣⲡⲙⲉⲉⲩⲉ ϩⲛ ⲛⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲁⲃ ⲁⲡⲁ
ⲁⲃⲣⲁϩⲁⲙ ⲙⲛ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲁⲙⲙⲱⲛⲓⲟⲥ ⲛⲣⲙⲥⲛⲏ

'From the road leading to saint Phoibammon to the road leading to the cave of those who are remembered amongst the saints, Apa Abraham and Apa Ammonios, men of Sne.'

(Text: W. E. Crum and G. Steindorff, German trans. W. C. Till, Engl. trans. G. Schenke)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Phoibammon, soldier martyr of Preht (ob. c. 304) : S00080 Epiphanios : S00093 Abraham of Sne : S00094 Ammonios of Sne : S00095

Saint Name in Source

ⲫⲟⲓⲃⲁⲙⲙⲱⲛ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲉⲡⲓⲫⲁⲛⲓⲟⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲁⲃⲣⲁϩⲁⲙ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲁⲙⲙⲱⲛⲓⲟⲥ

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Will Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Jeme Sne

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Jeme Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis Sne Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - monastic

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Monastery

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Bequests, donations, gifts and offerings


Incomplete papyrus document, beginning of the text missing, housed at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, number 8730.


Whether these two men mentioned, whose 'cave' might have been their former dwelling place in life, are just generally remembered as well-known former monks or have in the meantime indeed become venerated saints, remains unclear.


Edition: Crum, W.E., and Steindorff, G., Koptische Rechtsurkunden des achten Jahrhunderts aus Djeme (Theben) (Leipzig, 1971), 239-245 (P. KRU 75). German Translation: Till, W.C., Die Koptischen Rechtsurkunden aus Theben (Vienna: H. Böhlaus, 1964), 198-204. For a full range of the documentary evidence on Epiphanios and Phoibammon: Papaconstantinou, A., Le culte des saints en Égypte des Byzantins aux Abbassides (Paris: CNRS, 2001), 80-81, 204–214.

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity



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