University of Oxford

File(s) not publicly available

E00234: Two fragmentary Coptic documents addressed to the legal body (dikaion) of the monastery of Apa *Phoibammon (soldier and martyr of Assiut, S00080) at Deir el-Bahari (Upper Egypt), one undated, the other of either 767 or 782; one relating to two men donated to the topos of the saint.

online resource
posted on 2014-12-08, 00:00 authored by gschenke
P.KRU 118
This preserves only the beginning of a document addressed to the legal body (dikaion) of the monastery of Apa Phoibammon. Two men from the district of Hermonthis are producing this written agreement of unknown nature,which might very likely concern a donation of some kind.

P.KRU 121
In contrast, this papyrus preserves only the end of a document addressed to the monastery of Apa Phoibammon. It concerns the financial aspects of two men who have been donated to the saint's topos by the people of Jeme.

Summary: Gesa Schenke


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Phoibammon, soldier martyr of Preht (ob. c. 304) : S00080

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲟⲓⲃⲁⲙⲙⲱⲛ, ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲓⲃⲁⲙⲟⲛ

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Donation document Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Hermonthis Djeme

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Hermonthis Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis Djeme Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - monastic

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Monastery

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Bequests, donations, gifts and offerings


P.KRU 118 is a fragmentary papyrus document with only the beginning of the text preserved, housed at the Museum in Edinburgh as 'Papyrus Rhind I'. P.KRU 121 is a fragmentary papyrus document lacking the beginning, housed at the British Museum in London, number 93.


Donations to the monastery of Apa*Phoibammon were made by the surrounding village communities, in order to ensure the saint’s benevolence towards their concerns and well-being.


Edition: Crum, W.E., and Steindorff, G., Koptische Rechtsurkunden des achten Jahrhunderts aus Djeme (Theben) (Leipzig, 1971), 350 and 353-354 (P. KRU 118 and 121). German Translations: Till, W.C., Die Koptischen Rechtsurkunden aus Theben (Vienna: H. Böhlaus, 1964), 196-198. Further reading: Biedenkopf-Ziehner, A., Koptische Schenkungsurkunden aus Thebais: Formeln und Topoi der Urkunden, Aussagen der Urkunden, Indices (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2001). Godlewski, W., Deir el-Bahari V: Le monastère de St. Phoibammon (Warsaw: PWN, 1986). For a full range of the documentary evidence on Phoibammon: Papaconstantinou, A., Le culte des saints en Égypte des Byzantins aux Abbassides (Paris: CNRS, 2001), 204–214.

Usage metrics

    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity



    Ref. manager