University of Oxford

File(s) not publicly available

E00209: Greek list of payments on a wooden lid from Kynopolis (Middle Egypt), mentioning a presbyter of *Menas (soldier and martyr buried at Abu Mena, S00073); datable to the 7th/8th c.

online resource
posted on 2014-11-18, 00:00 authored by Bryan
SB 16.12998:

A list of money payments in wine written on the back of a wooden lid, from Cynopolis, 7th/8th century, mentions in line 1 the recipient of such a payment:

πρ(εσβύτερος) ἄπα Μη(νᾶ)

'presbyter of Apa Mena'

Full text available under:;16;12998

Translation: Gesa Schenke


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Menas, soldier and martyr Abu Mena : S00073

Saint Name in Source


Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Wood


  • Greek

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Cynopolis Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - lesser clergy


Wooden lid of a box used as writing material for two different lists, one of them for payments in wine (lines 1–3), the other for money payments (lines 5–27). Date given on palaeographical grounds, object located at Baarn, Private collection Moen 615.


Whether these payments in wine were made to a church or a monastery of Menas, via its presbyter, remains unclear. But the receipt for wine indicates an active cult for Menas at Cynopolis in the 7th/8th century.


Edition: Sammelbuch griechischer Urkunden aus Aegypten, XVI (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1985-1988). = SB Further reading: Sijpestijn, P.J., "Ein hölzerner Deckel in der Sammlung Moen," Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 49 (1982), 112–114. For a full range of the documentary evidence on *Menas: Papaconstantinou, A., Le culte des saints en Égypte des Byzantins aux Abbassides (Paris: CNRS, 2001), 146–154.

Usage metrics

    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity