University of Oxford
Browse
09efaaac0f46bb898848afe58d16032f6e9ed830.jpg (919.79 kB)

57282: Essex Farm Cemetery: Concrete bunkers

Download (919.79 kB)
online resource
posted on 2024-05-12, 21:26 authored by First World War Poetry Digital Archive Project Team

Restored and recently re-opened Allied bunkers next to the canal by Essex Farm Cemetery, the site of an advanced dressing station. These date from circa September 1916. It was in this immediate vicinity on 2nd or 3rd May 1915 that the Canadian major (later lieutenant colonel) and doctor John McCrae wrote 'In Flanders Fields'. He was working in this medical aid station where he cared for the wounded from the 1st Canadian Artillery Brigade, which was lined up on top of the Canal Bank. He also looked after many casualties who were brought from the battlefields near St Julien during the heavy fighting after the gas attack of 22nd April 1915. The Essex Farm Cemetery also came into being in those days. From September 1916, numerous reinforced dugouts were built in the left and right banks of the canal by the Royal Engineers of the 38th (Welsh) Division. On account of the incessant firing from the bridges across the canal and from the Canal Bank, constant repairs had to be carried out. More and more concrete was used to do this work. During preparation for the major offensive in the summer of 1917, various advanced dressing stations, such as Dulhallows, Talana Farm, and Essex Farm, were built at the bottom of the West Side of the Canal Bank. From here, the wounded were evacuated by motorised ambulances to the Main Dressing Stations, Casualty Clearing Stations, and Base Hospitals behind the front.

History

Identifier

5603.jpg | CXTPROPHOTOS - 112.jpg

Subject

Western Front | Ypres

Creator

Edwards, Alun

Date

8th July 2008

Date Created

08/07/2008

Spatial

Boezinge, Belgium

Source

Photograph

Medium

Digital image

Type

Photograph

Contributor

Kate Lindsay

Rights

The First World War Poetry Digital Archive, University of Oxford

Repository Name

The First World War Poetry Digital Archive

Repository Address

13 Banbury Road, Oxford, OX2 6NN, UK

Publisher

The First World War Poetry Digital Archive

Usage metrics

    First World War Poetry Digital Archive

    Exports

    RefWorks
    BibTeX
    Ref. manager
    Endnote
    DataCite
    NLM
    DC